States of India and their capitals

States of India and their capitals

India is the 7th largest country in the world, located in the Southern Asia which is bounded by the lofty Himalayas, Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean. India borders Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Nepal, and Pakistan, and it shares maritime borders with Thailand, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and the Maldives. The North-South extent from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and east-west from Arunachal Pradesh to Kutch.

India have diverse form of landforms from snow-covered mountains, great Indian Thar desert, Northern Plains, uneven plateau surface and the coasts on two major sea. India features as a land of immense natural vegetation and a wide-ranging variety of fauna along with diverse cultures and languages.

India have 28 states and eight number of Union Territories in the country. New Delhi is the Capital of India, with Mumbai as the financial capital. The four metropolitan cities of India are Delhi (the capital city), Bangalore (IT Hub), Kolkata (the Vintage City), and Mumbai (The city of Bollywood). Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu were merged and the merger came into effect on 26th January 2020. The state of Jammu & Kashmir is bifurcate into two Union Territories in August 2019 – the UT of Jammu and Kashmir and the UT of Ladakh.

List of Indian states and their capitals - 2021 (भारतीय राज्य और उनकी राजधानियों की सूची)

Andhra Pradesh (आंध्र प्रदेश)

Andhra Pradesh
Capital: Hyderabad (de jure), Amaravati (de facto), Visakhapatnam(Administrative) (हैदराबाद (प्रस्तावित राजधानी अमरावती))
Area: 160,205 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 49,670,000
Established Date: Jan 10th, 1953
Major Cities: Visakhapatnam
Languages Spoken: Telugu

Arunachal Pradesh (अरुणाचल प्रदेश)

Arunachal Pradesh
Capital: Itanagar (ईटानगर)
Area: 83,743 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 1,382,611
Established Date: Feb 20th, 1987
Major Cities: Itanagar
Languages Spoken: Monpa, Miji, Aka, Sherdukpen, Nyishi, Apatani, Tagin, Hill Miri, Adi, Digaru-Mismi, Idu-Mishmi, Khamti, Miju-Mishmi, Nocte, Tangsa and Wancho.

Assam ( असम)

Assam
Capital: Dispur ( दिसपुर)
Area: 78,438 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 31,169,272
Established Date: Jan 26th, 1950
Major Cities: Guwahati
Languages Spoken: Assamese

Bihar (बिहार)

Bihar
Capital: Patna (पटना)
Area: 94,163 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 103,804,637
Established Date: Jan 26th, 1950
Major Cities: Patna
Languages Spoken: Hindi,Urdu

Chhattisgarh (छत्तीसगढ़)

Chhattisgarh
Capital: Naya Raipur (रायपुर)
Area: 136,034 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 25,540,196
Established Date: Nov 1st, 2000
Major Cities: Raipur
Languages Spoken: Hindi

Goa (गोवा)

Goa
Capital: Panaji (पंजी)
Area: 3,702 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 1,457,723
Established Date: May 30th, 1987
Major Cities: Vasco da Gama
Languages Spoken: Konkani (official Language), Marathi, Hindi, English, Kannada

Gujarat (गुजरात)

Gujarat
Capital: Gandhinagar (गांधीनगर)
Area: 196,024 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 60,383,628
Established Date: May 1st, 1960
Major Cities: Ahmedabad
Languages Spoken: Gujarati

Haryana (हरियाणा)

Haryana
Capital: Chandigarh (चंडीगढ़)
Area: 44,212 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 25,353,081
Established Date: Nov 1st, 1966
Major Cities: Faridabad
Languages Spoken: Hindi

Himachal Pradesh (हिमाचल प्रदेश)

Himachal Pradesh
Capital: Shimla (Summer), Dharamsala (Winter) (शिमला)
Area: 55,673 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 6,856,509
Established Date: Jan 25th, 1971
Major Cities: Shimla
Languages Spoken: Hindi & Pahari

Jharkhand (झारखण्ड)

Jharkhand
Capital: Ranchi (रांची)
Area: 79,714 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 31,169,272
Established Date: Nov 15th, 2000
Major Cities: Jamshedpur
Languages Spoken: Hindi

Karnataka (कर्नाटक)

Karnataka
Capital: Bangalore (बेंगलुरु (पहले बैंगलोर))
Area: 191,791 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 61,130,704
Established Date: Nov 1st, 1956
Major Cities: Bengaluru
Languages Spoken: Kannada

Kerala (केरल)

Kerala
Capital: Thiruvananthapuram (तिरुवनंतपुरम)
Area: 38,863 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 33,387,677
Established Date: Nov 1st, 1956
Major Cities: Malappuram
Languages Spoken: Malayalam

Madhya Pradesh (मध्य प्रदेश)

Madhya Pradesh
Capital: Bhopal (भोपाल)
Area: 308,000 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 72,597,565
Established Date: Nov 1st, 1956
Major Cities: Indore
Languages Spoken: Hindi

Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र)

Maharashtra
Capital: Mumbai (मुंबई)
Area: 307,713 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 112,372,972
Established Date: May 1st, 1960
Major Cities: Mumbai
Languages Spoken: Marathi

Manipur (मणिपुर)

Manipur
Capital: Imphal (इम्फाल)
Area: 22,327 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 2,721,756
Established Date: Jan 21st, 1972
Major Cities: manipur
Languages Spoken: Manipuri

Meghalaya (मेघालय)

Meghalaya
Capital: Shillong (शिलांग)
Area: 22,429 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 2,964,007
Established Date: Jan 21st, 1972
Major Cities: Shillong
Languages Spoken: Khasi, Garo and English

Mizoram (मिजोरम)

Mizoram
Capital: Aizawl (अइज़ोल)
Area: 21,081 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 1,091,014
Established Date: Feb 20th, 1987
Major Cities: Aizawl
Languages Spoken: Mizo and English

Nagaland (नागालैंड)

Nagaland
Capital: Kohima (कोहिमा)
Area: 16,579 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 1,980,602
Established Date: Dec 1st, 1963
Major Cities: Kohima, Dimapur, Langpangkong, Molung
Languages Spoken: English, Hindi and 16 tribal dialects

Odisha (ओडिशा)

Odisha
Capital: Bhubaneshwar (भुवनेश्वर)
Area: 155,707 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 41,947,358
Established Date: Jan 26th, 1950
Major Cities: Bhubaneswar
Languages Spoken: Oriya

Punjab (पंजाब)

Punjab
Capital: Chandigarh (चंडीगढ़)
Area: 50,362 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 27,704,236
Established Date: Nov 1st, 1966
Major Cities: Ludhiana
Languages Spoken: Punjabi

Rajasthan (राजस्थान)

Rajasthan
Capital: Jaipur (जयपुर)
Area: 342,239 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 68,621,012
Established Date: Nov 1st, 1956
Major Cities: Jaipur
Languages Spoken: Hindi and Rajasthani

Sikkim (सिक्किम)

Sikkim
Capital: Gangtok (गंगटोक)
Area: 7,096 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 607,688
Established Date: May 16th, 1975
Major Cities: Gangtok
Languages Spoken: Lepcha, Bhutia and Nepali

Tamil Nadu (तमिल नाडू)

Tamil Nadu
Capital: Chennai (चेन्नई)
Area: 130,058 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 72,138,958
Established Date: Jan 26th, 1950
Major Cities: Chennai
Languages Spoken: Tamil

Telangana (तेलंगाना)

Telangana
Capital: Hyderabad (हैदराबाद)
Area: 112,077 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 35,193,978
Established Date: Jun 2nd, 2014
Major Cities: Hyderabad
Languages Spoken: Telugu, Urdu

Tripura (त्रिपुरा)

Tripura
Capital: Agartala (अगरतला)
Area: 10,491 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 3,671,032
Established Date: Jan 21st, 1972
Major Cities: Agartala
Languages Spoken: Bengali and Kokborok

Uttar Pradesh (उत्तर प्रदेश)

Uttar Pradesh
Capital: Lucknow (लखनऊ)
Area: 240,928 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 199,581,477
Established Date: Jan 26th, 1950
Major Cities: Lucknow
Languages Spoken: Hindi and Urdu

Uttarakhand (उत्तराखंड)

Uttarakhand
Capital: Gairsain (Summer), Dehradun (Winter) (देहरादून (शीतकालीन), गैरसैंण (ग्रीष्मकालीन))
Area: 53,484 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 10,116,752
Established Date: Nov 9th, 2000
Major Cities: Dehradun
Languages Spoken: Hindi, Garhwali, Kumaoni

West Bengal (पश्चिम बंगाल)

West Bengal
Capital: Kolkata (कोलकाता)
Area: 88,752 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 91,347,736
Established Date: Jan 26th, 1950
Major Cities: Calcutta, Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Malda, Mirik, Murshidabad, Siliguri, Vishnupur
Languages Spoken: Bengali

List of Union Territories and their capitals - 2021 (भारतीय केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों और उनकी राजधानियों की सूची)

Andaman and Nicobar Islands (अंडमान व नोकोबार द्वीप समूह)

Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Capital: Port Blair (पोर्ट ब्लेयर)
Area: 8,249 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 380,581
Established Date: Nov 1st, 1956
Major Cities: Port Blair, Garacharma, Bambooflat
Languages Spoken: English, Hindi, Bengali, Malayalam, Tamil, and Telugu

Chandigarh (चंडीगढ़)

Chandigarh
Capital: Chandigarh (चंडीगढ़)
Area: 603 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 586,956
Established Date: Nov 1st, 1966
Major Cities: Chandigarh
Languages Spoken: Hindi, English, Punjabi, and Urdu

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (दादरा और नगर हवेली और दमन और दीव)

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
Capital: Daman (दमन)
Area: 603 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 586,956
Established Date: Jan 26th, 2020
Major Cities: Daman, Diu, Dunetha, Kachigam
Languages Spoken: English, Gujarati, Hindi, Konkani, and Marathi

Delhi (दिल्ली)

Delhi
Capital: New Delhi (नई दिल्ली)
Area: 1,490 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 16,787,941
Established Date: Nov 1st, 1956
Major Cities: New Delhi, Shahjahanabad, Firozobad, near Purana Qila, Jahanpanah, Tughlqabad, Siri, near Qutab Minar
Languages Spoken: English, Hindi, Punjabi, and Urdu

Jammu and Kashmir (जम्मू कश्मीर)

Jammu and Kashmir
Capital: Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter) (श्रीनगर (ग्रीष्मकालीन), जम्मू (शीतकालीन))
Area: 42,241 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 12,267,013
Established Date: Oct 31st, 2019
Major Cities: Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Sonamarg, Patnitop, Srinagar, Anantnag
Languages Spoken: English, Hindi, Urdu, Dogri, Kashmiri

Ladakh (लद्दाख)

Ladakh
Capital: Leh (लेह)
Area: 59,146 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 274,289
Established Date: Oct 31st, 2019
Major Cities: Shey, Leh, Basgo, and Tingmosgang
Languages Spoken: English, Ladakhi, Urdu, Balti, Purgi

Lakshadweep (लक्षद्वीप)

Lakshadweep
Capital: Kavaratti (कवरत्ती)
Area: 32 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 64,473
Established Date: Nov 1st, 1956
Major Cities: Kavaratti, Amini, Kadmat, Minicoy
Languages Spoken: English, Malayalam

Puducherry (पुडुचेरी)

Puducherry
Capital: Pondicherry (पांडिचेरी)
Area: 492 Sq. Km.
Estimated Population: 1,247,953
Established Date: Aug 16th, 1962
Major Cities: Puducherry (Pondicherry), Yanam, Mahe, Karaikal
Languages Spoken: English, Tamil, Malayalam, and Telugu