Punjab – The Land of Five Rivers

Punjab – The Land of Five Rivers
Golden Temple

Unearth the various destination of Punjab as you travel across the fascinating zone of India. Tour Punjab encompassing some of the enchanting tourist spots like Golden Temple. Tour Punjab to unfurl its enticing beauty. Travel to Punjab, a land of exciting culture, myriad images of swaying emerald green fields, and hearty people whose robust rustic ways of camaraderie and bonhomie are very much a part of their heritage.

Punjab, the land of five rivers & integrated cultural history, is a treasure trove for an avid tourist. For this land of the great gurus not only boasts of ancient monuments but throbs with historical embodiments. It is no secret that whoever comes to this land of yellow fields with blue mountains providing the romantic & picturesque backdrop has never gone back without imbibing the essence of Punjab. There is no dearth of breathtaking palaces, for Punjab was the seat of royalty, as the imposing Quila Mubarak will tell you.

Some of the main cities in Punjab are Amritsar, Jalandhar, Patiala, Bathinda, Mohali, Pathankot, and Ludhiana, and Patiala is known for the historical forts.


Fast Facts :

  1. Area: 50,362 sq km

  2. Capital: Chandigarh

  3. Languages: Punjabi, Hindi

  4. Religion: Hindus (34.46%), Sikhs (62.95%), others (2.59%)

  5. Literacy rate: 57.14%

  6. Best Time To Visit: October To March

  7. State Emblem: Ashoka lions, swords, and ears of wheat Punjab state emblem

  8. State Animal: Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)

  9. State aquatic animal: Indus Dolphin (Bhulan)

  10. State Bird: Baaz (Accipiter gentilis)

  11. State Tree: Sheesham (Dalbergia sissoo)

  12. State Flower: Gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflorus)

  13. Culture and Tradition of Punjab

Tourist Attractions :


Punjab Juti

Patiala is famous for its healthy food, loving people, wonderful parandaas, exciting Patiala peg, and jootis. Easily accessible and well maintained, Patiala is a place that would give one the much-needed tranquility far from urban chaos. The Sports School and the Moti Bagh Palace are some of the places that one must visit to get a clear picture of the past of the state.


Ludhiana, the sight of a great battle in the First Sikh War (1845) is now Punjab’s most populated metropolitan and industrial city. Ludhiana situated on the banks of the Sutlej River was founded in 1480 by Lodhi princess from Delhi. It is a major textile and light engineering center. Its hosiery goods are in great demand in all the markets of the east and the west. It exports woolen garments, machine tools, dyes, cycle parts, mopeds, sewing machines, and motor parts all over the world. The famous Punjab Agricultural University is situated on the outskirts of Ludhiana. It has a large grain market and is famous for the rural Olympics. Ludhiana is an Industrial Town of India. Ludhiana Business Community has proved its Industrial Strength not only on the Indian Map but also on the World Map. Ludhiana is playing a dominant role in the Indian Economy.


It is the oldest city in Punjab. It is the center of that area of the State which has maximum Non-Resident Indians. This has made it a rich and forward-looking city. Jalandhar is India’s foremost producer of sports goods as it is of hockey Olympians and leading football players. It is one of the biggest centers of the vernacular press in India.

Golden Temple 


The Golden Temple is the ultimate Sikh pilgrimage. The Harmandir Sahib, as it is traditionally known, actually means the temple of Hari or the Supreme God. Also known as the Darbar Sahib, the stupendous, architectural phenomena are located in the city of Amritsar. The temple’s exterior is gold-plated and the structure stands in the middle of a square tank. There is a causeway across the Pool of Nectar to reach the Temple. The shrine is symbolic of the doctrines of Sikhism. It also represents the magnificent strength of all the Sikhs. The amazing thing about Harmandir Sahib is that it has doorways on all four sides, meant to be open for the people of all four castes. All over the Sikhs always look forward to visiting the magnificent temple and offer prayers at the Harmandir Sahib.


Amritsar City is one of the most ancient and captivating cities of India. The holiest pilgrimage of the Sikhs is most significant to Sikh history and culture. Gateway for the visitors coming to India on the overland route from central Asia, it soon became the center of various commercial activities. There are various historical and religious sites in & around Amritsar. The most famous of them all in the Golden Temple was founded by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ramdas, and completed by his successor Guru Arjan Dev.



Chandigarh is the capital of both Punjab and Haryana. The city is considered the best-planned city in the country. It is called ‘The City Beautiful’ and you will surely agree with it once you visit the beautiful city where modernization has not destroyed the natural treasures of the land. Top destinations in Chandigarh are The Rock Garden, Sukhna Lake, and Rose Garden.

Getting There :

  1. By Air: Chandigarh and Amritsar both have airports connected to other cities in India by regular flights. Indian airlines do have regular flights from Chandigarh to Delhi, Lucknow, Leh, and Amritsar. Jet air also has regular flights to Chandigarh.

  2. By Rail: Punjab is extensively linked to the other parts of the country by rail. Chandigarh, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Pathankot, and Jalandhar are the major railway hubs in the state from where one can take trains for most parts of the country.

  3. By Road: The entire state is connected through an extensive network of medalled roads. State Highways connect major cities to the state capital. NH 1 or the Grand Trunk Road connects the state with most of the north as well as east India. Other National Highways that pass through the state are NH 15, 19, 20, 21, and 1A.

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Simmi Kamboj

Simmi Kamboj is the Founder and Administrator of Ritiriwaz, your one-stop guide to Indian Culture and Tradition. She had a passion for writing about India's lifestyle, culture, tradition, travel, and is trying to cover all Indian Cultural aspects of Daily Life.