National Symbols Of India

National Symbols Of India
India National Symbol

The Republic of India has many National Symbols that create the unique identity of the whole nation, making it exclusive proud, and prestigious of the nation.

They have been selected from time to time carefully to project the true image of our country. They are chosen to reflect the culture and beliefs of India.

National Flag of India – ‘Tiranga’

Indian National Flag
Indian National Flag

The National Flag of India is known as ‘Tiranga’ in Hindi and has three colors deep saffron at the top, white in the middle, and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. In the center, there is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes also known as Ashoka Chakra.

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National Anthem of India – ‘Jana-Gana-Mana’

Indian Anthem

The song “Jana-Gana-mana“, composed by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the national anthem of India on 24 January 1950.

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National Song of India – ‘Vande Mataram’

Indian National Song
Indian National Song

The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, was a source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom and was chosen as the National Song of India.

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National Emblem of India – Adaptation of the Lion Capital atop the Ashoka Pillar of Sarnath.

Indian National Emblem

The national emblem of India is a replica of the Lion at Sarnath, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. The Lion Capital was erected in the third century BC by Emperor Ashoka to mark the spot where the Buddha first proclaimed his gospel of peace and emancipation.

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National Animal of India – Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris)

Bengal Tiger
Bengal Tiger

The Tiger – Lord of the Indian Jungles, is the National Animal of India.

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National Flower of India – Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)

National Flower Of India
National Flower Of India

Lotus scientifically known as Nelumbo Nucifera is the National Flower of India. It is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture since time immemorial.

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National Tree of India – Banyan Tree (Ficus bengalensis)

The National Tree of India

The National Tree of India is The Banyan Tree. This huge tree towers over its neighbors and has the widest reaching roots of all known trees, easily covering several acres.

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National Bird of India – Peacock (Pavo cristatus)

The Peacock
The Peacock

The Peacock, Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus), the national bird of India. It is symbolic of qualities like beauty, grace, pride, and mysticism.

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National Fruit of India – Mango (Mangifera indica)


The Mango (Mangifera indica) is the national fruit of India. It has been cultivated in India since time immemorial.

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National pledge of India

India pledge

India is my country and all Indians are my brothers and sisters.
I love my country and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.

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Indian National Moto – Satyameva Jayate

Satyameva jayate

Satyameva Jayate is the motto of the Republic of India and can be seen in the National Emblem of India.

Read more about Indian National Moto

National Sport of India – Hockey

Hockey in india

According to the Sports Ministry of India in 2012, we presently do not have any sport as “National Game“. But earlier field hockey was the national sport of India.

Read more about Indian National Sport

National Holidays in India – Republic Day | Independence Day | Gandhi Jayanti

National days

India has a lot of cultures and many holidays are associated with different cultures and their local festivals. India has three National Days which are observed in all states and union territories of India.

Read more about National Days Of India

National Reptile of India – King Cobra

King Cobra

King Cobra or Snake eater (Ophiophagus hannah) is the National Reptile of India and is found in the forests of India and Southeast Asia.

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National Heritage Animal – Indian Elephant 

Indian Elephant
Indian Elephant

India’s threatened elephants are getting the deserved protection they are India’s “national heritage animal“.

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National Award of India

National awards

Indian Government appreciate its citizens for their valuable contribution in various field and services and give awards to make their contribution memorable…

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National Aquatic Animal Of India – River Dolphin


The National Aquatic Animal Of India is Ganga Dolphin.

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National River Of India – River Ganga

River Ganga

Ganges or Ganga is one of the major rivers of the Indian Subcontinent which flows through India and Bangladesh and is the National River Of India.

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National Currency Of India – Rupee

Indian Rupee

Indian Rupee (sign: ₹; code: INR) is the currency of India.

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National Calendar Of India – Saka Calendar

Hindu Calendar

Indian National Calendar is derived from Vedas of ancient times. It uses the Saka calendar also known as the Shalivahana Shaka calendar.

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Simmi Kamboj

Simmi Kamboj is the Founder and Administrator of Ritiriwaz, your one-stop guide to Indian Culture and Tradition. She had a passion for writing about India's lifestyle, culture, tradition, travel, and is trying to cover all Indian Cultural aspects of Daily Life.