India is very diverse country, The term North India officially refers to the states of Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and the Union Territories of Delhi and Chandigarh.
The North zone of India has its capital location ‘Delhi’ along the most popular sites of Golden Triangle Tour (Delhi-Agra-Jaipur). There is a strong regional bonding between Punjab, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand with some variations on the basics of customs, rituals and traditions.
With the famous landmarks, scenic Himalayan region, remote location of Ladakh, you can also explore the traditions and cultures of Rajasthan, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh like surroundings states.
People of North are well built and sturdy. The states of Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Himachal Pradesh are overwhelmingly Hindu. Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India with a majority Muslim population while Punjab is the only state with a majority Sikh population.
North India is predominantly Indo-Aryan and includes various ethnic groups such as Brahmins, Ahirs, Jats, Rajputs, Gurjars, Khatris, Tarkhans, Kambojs, Banias and Dalits. Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism are the dominant religions in North India. Other religions practiced by various ethnic communities include Jainism and Buddhism.
There are so many festivals which are celebrated widely in North India with pomp and show like Dusshera, Diwali, Karvachauth, Holi, Navratri, Shivratri, Guru Nanak Jayanti. Many festivals are called with different names in various regions but is same North India festivals are celebrated in uttar ayana. Ram Navmi and Janamasthami related to Lord Rama and Krishna are give importance in North.
Women in North India wear salwar, suits even jeans. Salwar-Kameez id traditional outfit for the women of Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and northern Haryana. In Rajasthan and its adjoining areas like southern Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, women wear Ghagra Choli.
In rural northern region men in wear payjama or dhoti, with shirt or long kurta. Men also wear a headgear, which i considered as a symbol of honor.
North Indian main food is dal, chawal, bajra, etc. North Indians prepare paratas, chapatti, puri and rotis from wheat flour. Also it is less spicy and includes mostly vegetables like Cauliflower, brinjal etc. One striking difference is the oil in which the food is cooked. In north, they use mostly vegetable oils and mustard oil.
The languages include mostly Hindi, Bhutia, Nepalese, Punjabi, Urdu(in Kashmir).
Northern India embraces dance moves like Bhangra, Manipuri, Odissi, Bihu are some leading forms of classical dance. Kathak the main dance form in North India, While North Indian have Hindustani style music, musical instruments like sitar, sarangi, santoor, and tabla are used.