Historical Places and Monuments in India

Historical Places and Monuments in India

India is a vibrant land and its Historical Places and Monuments is a perfect example of its gold past. The world's seventh largest nation by area and the second largest in terms of population, India boasts a rich heritage, it is a melting pot of religions, traditions and customs that manifests itself in many aspects of the country. This can be seen in the rich tapestry of heritage and culture that encompasses everything from art and architecture to the flora and fauna. Visitors to this exotic country will discover a trove of spiritual, cultural and historical treasures.

The architectural heritage of this country is the ancient asset that needs to be preserved with utmost care so that it can succeed with future generations. Traveling these historical places will mesmerize you for sure. Unravelling these marvels will offer you a peek into the rich Indian history.

List of Historical Places and Monuments in India(भारतीय ऐतिहासिक स्थान और स्मारक की सूची)

Agra Fort (आगरा का किला)

Agra Fort
Location: Agra,Uttar Pradesh
Build Date: 16th century

The Agra Fort, also known as the Red Fort of Agra, represents Mughal opulence and power as the center piece of their empire. It was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1982, under Category iii as a cultural monument. The fortress is located on the right bank of the Yamuna River, built in red sandstone, covering a length of 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi). It is surrounded by a moat which encloses several palaces, towers, and mosques.

Ajanta Caves (अजंता की गुफा)

Ajanta Caves
Location: Maharashtra
Build Date: 2nd century BC to the 6th century

The Ajanta Caves are Buddhists caves built in two phases. The first, was from the reign of Emperor Ashoka. The second, further additions were made during the 5th and 6th centuries AD of the Gupta period.

Alai Darwaza (अलाई दरवाजा)

Alai Darwaza
Location: Delhi
Build Date: 1311

The Alai Darwaza, known as the jewel of Islamic architecture, is one of Delhi’s oldest doors, which was constructed by Alauddin Khilji, the second ruler of the Khilji dynasty of Delhi Sultanate, in 1311 AD, from the south of the Quwait-ul-Islam Mosque.

Amer Fort (आमेर दुर्ग (आमेर का किला))

Amer Fort
Location: Amer, Rajasthan
Build Date: 967 CE.

Amer Fort or Amber Fort is a fort located in Amer, Rajasthan, India. Amer is a town with an area of 4 square kilometres (1.5 sq mi) located 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan.

Badrinath Temple (बद्रीनाथ मन्दिर)

Badrinath Temple
Location: Chamoli, Uttarakhand
Build Date:

Badrinath Temple is a major religious place among Hindus also known as Badrinarayan temple. Situated along the Alaknanda river in the hill town of Badrinath in Uttarakhand state in India.

Bahai Temple (Lotus Temple) (कमल मंदिर)

Bahai Temple (Lotus Temple)
Location: New Delhi
Build Date: 1986

In the heart of New Delhi, the bustling capital of India, a lotus-shaped outline has etched itself on the consciousness of the city's inhabitants, capturing their imagination, fuelling their curiosity, and revolutionising the concept of worship. This is the Bahá'í Mashriqu'l-Adhkar, better known as the Lotus Temple. With the dawning of every new day, an ever-rising tide of visitors surges to its doorsteps to savour its beauty and bask in its serenely spiritual atmosphere.

Bibi Ka Maqbara (बीबी का मकबरा)

Bibi Ka Maqbara
Location: Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Build Date: 1668 and 1669 C.E.

Bibi Ka Maqbara, also called India’s second Taj Mahal or Dakkhani Taj (Taj of the Deccan), is located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra. It was built by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in memory of his first wife Dilras Banu Begum. This tomb depicts the transformation of the simple architecture of the last Mughals from the royal construction of the period of Akbar and Shah Jahan.

Buddha Smriti Park (बुद्ध स्मृति पार्क)

Buddha Smriti Park
Location: Patna, Bihar
Build Date: 27 May 2010

Buddha Smriti Park of Patna, Buddhist is the center of tourist attraction, which is located on Fraser Road near Patna Railway Junction, Bihar State. Buddha Memorial Park is spread over 22 acres of land, which has cost the cost of about 125 crores. This park is also called Buddha Memorial Park.

Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (साँची का स्तूप)

Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
Location: Sanchi
Build Date: 3rd century B.C. to 12th century A.D.

Sanchi, also known as Kakanaya, Kakanava, Kakanadabota and Bota-Sriparvata in ancient times is situated in the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is a religious place with historical and archaeological significance. Sanchi is famous in the world for stupas, monolithic Asokan pillar, temples, monasteries and sculptural wealth dating from 3rd century B.C. to 12th century A.D.

Charminar (चारमीनार)

Location: Hyderabad, Telangana
Build Date: 1594

he Charminar is a massive arch built by Mohammed Quli Qutab Shah, in 1591 to commemorate the end of the plague in the city. The symbol of the city, the Charminar, is an impressive square monument with four minarets.

City Palace (सिटी पैलेस)

City Palace
Location: Udaipur
Build Date: 1568

Udaipur, the city of lakes, is known as the Venice of the east. Maharana Udai Singh II founded Udaipur in 1568 after his citadel Chittorgarh was sacked by Mughal Emperor Akbar. T

Ellora Caves (एलोरा गुफाएं)

Ellora Caves
Location: Maharashtra
Build Date: 600 to 1000 AD

The Ellora Caves, also known as the Ellora Complex, are a cultural mix of religious arts of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism.

Fatehpur Sikri (फतेहपुर सिकरी)

Fatehpur Sikri
Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Build Date: 1556–1605

The royal city at Fatehpur Sikri, situated 26 miles west of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, was built under the orders of the great Mughal Emperor Akbar. In honour of saint Shaikh Salim Chisti, Akbar founded a magnificent city on Sikri ridge. In 1571, he ordered the construction of buildings for his own use and asked the noblemen to build houses for themselves.

Gateway of India (गेटवे ऑफ़ इन्डिया)

Gateway of India
Location: Mumbai,Maharashtra
Build Date: 4 December 1924

The Gateway of India is synonymous with Mumbai. It is the most famous monument of Mumbai and is the starting point for most tourists who want to explore the city. Gateway of India is a great historical monument built during the British rule in the country.

Golden Temple(Sri Harimandir Sahib ) (स्वर्ण मंदिर)

Golden Temple(Sri Harimandir Sahib )
Location: Amritsar,Punjab
Build Date: August 1604

Sri Harimandir Sahib (The Golden Temple) in Amritsar, Punjab, is the holiest shrine in Sikhism.

Golghar (गोलघर)

Location: Patna, Bihar
Build Date: 20 July 1786

A wonderful confluence of history and natural beauty ‘Gol Ghar‘ is situated near the Gandhi Maidan on the western side of Bihar’s Patna. The structure of this historic building built during the British rule is wonderful and fascinating, which people come from far and wide to see.

Gwalior fort (ग्वालियर का क़िला)

Gwalior fort
Location: Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh
Build Date: 15th century and 16th century

Gwalior Fort (Gwāliiyar Qila) is a hill fort near Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India. The fort has existed at least since the 10th century, and the inscriptions and monuments found within what is now the fort campus indicate that it may have existed as early as the beginning of the 6th century. The fort has been controlled by a number of different rulers in its history.

Hawa Mahal (हवामहल)

Hawa Mahal
Location: Jaipur,Rajasthan
Build Date: 1799 A.D.

Jaipur's signature building, the Hawa Mahal, a multi layered palace, was built by Sawai Pratap Singh (grand son of Sawai Jai Singh and son of Sawai Madhoo Singh) in 1799 A.D. and Mr. Lal Chand Usta was the architect. Famous for it's beehive like structure, the Hawa Mahal is an interplay of red and pink sand stone, carefully and painstakingly outlined with white borders and motifs

Humayun Tomb (हुमायूँ का मकबरा)

Humayun Tomb
Location: Delhi
Build Date: 1570

Humayun's tomb in the capital Delhi is a fine specimen of the great Mughal architecture. Built in 1570, the tomb is of particular cultural significance as it was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent.

India Gate (इण्डिया गेट)

India Gate
Location: Delhi
Build Date: 10 February 1921

Situated at the banks of Yamuna river, Delhi, the capital of India, is a vibrant modern city with an ancient and eventful history. The city with its multi-faceted culture can aptly said to be a microcosm of the whole nation.

Jal Mahal (जल महल)

Jal Mahal
Location: Jaipur, Rajasthan
Build Date: renovated and enlarged in the 18th century

Jal Mahal or “Water Palace” is a palace in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur city, the capital of the state of Rajasthan, India. This palace was built by Maharaja Jai ​​Singh II of Amer in the 18th century. This palace is a center of attraction for tourists nestled in the womb of the Aravalli hills.

Jantar Mantar (जंतर मंतर)

Jantar Mantar
Location: Delhi
Build Date: 1724

At first sight, the Jantar Mantar appears like a gallery of modern art. It is, however, an observatory.

Kedarnath Temple (केदारनाथ मन्दिर)

Kedarnath Temple
Location: Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand
Build Date:

Kedarnath Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is on the Garhwal Himalayan range near the Mandakini river in Kedarnath, Uttarakhand in India. The most remote of the four Chota Char Dham sites, Kedarnath is located in the Himalayas, about 3,583 m (11,755 ft) above sea level near Chorabari Glacier, the head of river Mandakini, and is flanked by snow-capped peaks.

Khajuraho Group of Monuments (खजुराहो स्मारक समूह )

Khajuraho Group of Monuments
Location: Khajuraho,Madhya Pradesh
Build Date: 950 AD to 1050 AD

Khajuraho, the ancient Kharjjuravahaka, is located in the State of Madhya Pradesh and was the principal seat of authority of the Chandella rulers who adorned it with numerous tanks, scores of lofty temples of sculptural grace and architectural splendour.

Konark Sun Temple (कोणार्क सूर्य मंदिर)

Konark Sun Temple
Location: Konark
Build Date: A.D. 1250

The temple declared a world heritage by UNESCO was built in A.D. 1250, during the reign of the Eastern Ganga King Narasimhadeva-I (A.D. 1238-64). There are two rows of 12 wheels on each side of the Konark sun temple.

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple (महाकालेश्वर ज्योतिर्लिंग)

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple
Location: Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
Build Date: Present structure built in 1734 CE

There are many amazing temples in India that have their own beliefs and customs. One of the 12 Jyotirlingas of Shiva in India is the Mahakal Temple of Ujjain located in Madhya Pradesh. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is one of the main Shiva temples of Hindus and is considered to be the holiest place of Lord Shiva.

Manimajra Fort (मनीमाजरा के प्रसिद्ध किले)

Manimajra Fort
Location: Chandigarh
Build Date: 360 years old Fort

The town of Manimajra comes in the district of Ambala district of Punjab. There is not much information about the history of this Manimajra fort, but it is said that after the passing of Sirhind Governor Jinn Khan his kingdom was completely dismantled, he had captured 84 villages and he also went ahead of this fort of Pinjore which he also won.

Mata Vaishno Devi Temple (वैष्णो देवी)

Mata Vaishno Devi Temple
Location: Katra
Build Date:

Mata Vaishno Devi Temple is one of the most visited pilgrimage centers in India. It perched on the Trikuta Mountain at a height of 5, 300 ft. The shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi nestles in a cave of the Himalayan Mountains in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Mehrangarh Fort (मेहरानगढ़ किला)

Mehrangarh Fort
Location: Rajasthan
Build Date: 1459 A.D.

Mehrangarh fort is about 5km from Jodhpur Town in Rajasthan. Guarding the city below, crowning a perpendicular cliff, the fort was founded by Rao Jodha in 1459 A.D.

Palitana Mandir (पालिताना मंदिर)

Palitana Mandir
Location: Palitana, Gujarat
Build Date:

One of the famous pilgrimage sites of Jain Munis, Palitana Temple is situated in the Bhavnagar district of Gujarat. Shatrunjay Tirth is important because of Jainism, ‘Shatrunjay Tirtha’ is important, according to Jainism, every Jain must definitely see this holy shrine once in his life.

Qutub Minar (क़ुतुब मीनार)

Qutub Minar
Location: Delhi
Build Date: 13th century

Qutub-Minar in red and buff sandstone is the highest tower in India.Built in the 13th century, the magnificent tower stands in the capital, Delhi. It has a diameter of 14.32m at the base and about 2.75m on the top with a height of 72.5m. It is an architectural marvel of ancient India.

Rani Ki Vav(Queen’s Stepwell) (रानी की वाव)

Rani Ki Vav(Queen’s Stepwell)
Location: Patan district, Gujarat
Build Date: 1032

Rani Ki Vav is a famous stepwell located in Patan district of Gujarat state, India. It is one of the oldest and historical heritage of India. It is a grand stepwell on the banks of the Saraswati river in Gujarat, whose building is seven storeyed. The stepwell has a number of distinct names in Hindi it is called bawdi, baoli and in Gujarati, it is called Vav and in Marathi it is called barav.

Rashtrapati Bhavan (राष्ट्रपति भवन)

Rashtrapati Bhavan
Location: New Delhi
Build Date: 1929

Rashtrapati Bhavan, the official residence of the President of India, is an imposing edifice located at the west end of the Rajpath in New Delhi with the India gate at the opposite end.

Red Fort (लाल किला)

Red Fort
Location: Delhi
Build Date: 1648

Delhi's famous Red Fort is known by that name because of the red stone with which it is built and it is one of the most magnificent palaces in the world. India's history is also closely linked with this fort.

Shree Shatruenjay Teerth (श्री शत्रुंजय तीर्थ)

Shree Shatruenjay Teerth
Location: Palitana, Gujarat
Build Date:

Shatrunjay Teerth is one of the Shiromani pilgrimages of Jainism, located by the city of Palitana, in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India. To achieve happiness, peace, and salvation, it is very important to visit this pilgrimage. It has been the main and eternal pilgrimage from the time of many infinite pilgrims, where innumerable pilgrims, yogi Munis have attained salvation by performing penance.

Sikandra Fort(Akbar's tomb) (अकबर का मकबरा - सिकंदरा)

Sikandra Fort(Akbar's tomb)
Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Build Date: 1605–1613

Sikandra, located only 13 km. from the Agra Fort is the last resting place of the Mughal emperor Akbar.

Somnath Temple (सोमनाथ मन्दिर)

Somnath Temple
Location: Prabhas Patan, Gujarat
Build Date: construction during 1950–1951

The Somnath Temple located in the Prabhas Patan near Veraval in Saurashtra, on the western coast of Gujarat, India. Somnath means “Lord of the Gods” and is considered a part of Lord Shiva, and is known as the first Jyotirlinga among the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of the God Shiva.

Sri Virupaksha Temple (वीरुपाक्ष मंदिर)

Sri Virupaksha Temple
Location: Hampi, Karnataka
Build Date: 7th Century

The Virupaksha Temple is one of the famous historical temples of India. The temple is located in Hampi, Karnataka state of India, 350 kilometers from Bangalore. The Virupaksha Temple is a major part of the group of historical monuments of Hampi, especially in the group of monuments located at Pattadakal.

Statue of Peace (स्टैच्यू ऑफ पीस)

Statue of Peace
Location: Pali, Rajasthan
Build Date: November, 2020

Jainacharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj statue is recently unveiled by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Rajasthan. The statue unveiling marks the 151st birth anniversary occasion of Jain monk Acharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj. The statue is installed at Vijay Vallabh Sadhana Kendra, Jetpura, in Pali, Rajasthan.

Statue of Unity (स्टैच्यू ऑफ यूनिटी)

Statue of Unity
Location: Narmada, Gujarat
Build Date: 30 October 2018

Statue of Unity is a statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, in Gujarat. It is a 182-meter tall statue and is the world tallest, which was inaugurated on an islet Sadhu Bet near Sardar Sarovar Dam in Gujarat’s Narmada district.

Taj Mahal (ताजमहल)

Taj Mahal
Location: Agra , Uttar Pradesh
Build Date: 17th century

Sheer poetry in marble. Majesty and magnificence, unrivalled, the Taj Mahal is the only one of its kind across the world. The monumental labour of love of a great ruler for his beloved queen. The ultimate realisation of Emperor Shahjahan's dream.

Tirupati (तिरुपति)

Location: Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh
Build Date: 1th century

Situated on top of the Tirumala hills in the southern part of Andhra Pradesh, Sri Venkateswara Temple is the richest temple in the world. While the holy city of Tirupati is laden with temples in its every part, the Venkateswara temple has assumed special significance amongst the devotees as it is considered to be the sacred abode of Tirupati, the Lord of Goddess Laxmi.

Venugopala Swamy Temple (वेणुगोपाल स्‍वामी मंदिर)

Venugopala Swamy Temple
Location: Hosa Kannambadi, Karnataka
Build Date: 12th century

A masterpiece of Hoysala architecture style, the Venugopala Swamy Temple is a spectacular site to visit. Venugopala Swamy Temple was once submerged during the construction of Krishna Raja Sagara Dam, famously know as KRS Dam and the temple stayed underwater for a century. The temple dome could only be seen during the drought of the early 2000s and then Khoday’s Foundation took up the responsibility to rebuild the same temple on the shore of KRS backwaters, even the maintenance is taken care of by the foundation and now has started to lure tourists and explorers.

Vijaya Stambha (विजय स्तम्भ)

Vijaya Stambha
Location: Chittorgarh, Rajasthan
Build Date: 1784

he Vijaya Stambha or The Tower of Victory is founded by Mewar king Maharana Kumbha in Chittorgarh, is a nationalist masterwork, built to commemorate the state’s victory over the encroached Mohammed Khilji.

Vittala Temple, Hampi (विट्ठल मंदिर)

Vittala Temple, Hampi
Location: Ballari district, Karnataka
Build Date: 14th and 16th centuries

The Group of Monuments at Hampi comprise a sombre but ostentatious Hampi town, on the banks of the river Tungabhadra in Karnataka. Hampi subsumes the ruins of Vijayanagara, which was the former capital of the powerful Vijayanagara Empire. Dravidian temples and palaces abound in Hampi.