India have lot of cultures and many holidays are associated with different culture and their local festivals. India has four National Days which are observed in all states and union territories of India.
1. Republic Day 26th January – Adoption of the Constitution of India 1950
Republic Day is celebrated to honor the Adoption of the Constitution of India which came into effect on 26th January 1950.
This day was choosen as on this day in 1929, when Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by British Regime.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad’s started his first term as President if Indian Union and the Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India under the transitional provisions of the new Constitution. The main celebration for Republic Day takes place in New Delhi at Rajpath, where ceremonious parades takes place.
2. International workers day 1st May – Tribute to the Haymarket affair
International Workers’ Day, also known as Workers’ Day, Labour Day or “Kamgar Din” in hindi is referred as May Day. It is celebration of labourers and the working class and is celebrated as Antarrashtriya Shramik Diwas in India and is a national holiday to celebrate International Labour Day. The first May Day celebration in India was organized in Madras. 1st May is also celebrated as “Maharashtra Day” and “Gujarat Day”.
3. Independence Day 15th August – Independence from the British Empire 1947
15th August is Independence Day a National Holiday in India to celebrate nation’s independence from the United Kingdom in 1947. On 15 August 1947, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. Hence on subsequent Independence Day, the Prime Minister of India raises the flag and address to the nation.
4. Gandhi Jayanti 2nd October – Birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Father of nation). Gandhi Jayanti is marked by prayer services and tributes all over India, and is officially declared as national holidays of India.