Indian Government appreciate its citizens for their valuable contribution in various field and services and give awards to make their contribution memorable. Here is the list of all the important national awards of India.
There are Six types of important awards in India
Civilian Awards in India are highest honor that a citizen can receive. These awards are given to person who show special skills in art, literature and education, sports, medicine, social work, science and engineering, public affairs, civil service, trade and industry, etc.
Bharat Ratna means Jewel of India or Gem of India and is the highest civilian award that a citizen of India can receive. It was started in 1954 for person showing exceptional service in any field of human endeavor.
Padma Awards were instituted in year 1954 and are announced yearly on Republic Day.
Padma Vibhushan is the second highest award after Bharat Ratna and is given to a person who shows exceptional and distinguished service in and field toward Republic of India.
Padma Bhushan is the third highest civilian award of India. It is also given for person showing distinguished service of a high order.
Padma Shri is the fourth highest civilian award given to person who shows distinguished service.
The awards are military decorations awarded to Armed forces in India for showing extraordinary bravery and courage. They are further divided into.
Wartime gallantry awards
Param Vir Chakra
Its is the highest military award and was replaced by Victoria cross which was given by British government before independence and is equivalent to Medal of Honor in the United States.
Maha Vir Chakra
This is the second highest military award/ military decoration given to person showing gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. It replaced the British Distinguished Service Order (DSO).
This is the third highest military award and was replaced by British Distinguished Service Cross (DSC), Military Cross (MC) and Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC).
Peacetime gallantry awards
Ashok Chakra Award
This award is given for valor, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield. This is peacetime equivalent of the Param Vir Chakra.
This is second Peacetime gallantry awards, it is peacetime equivalent of the Maha Vir Chakra.
The third highest Peacetime gallantry awards and comes after the Ashoka Chakra and the Kirti Chakra.
Nari Shakti Puraskar – Nari Shakti Puraskar means Woman Power Award is India’s highest civilian award for recognizing the achievements and contributions of women. It i given every year on 8 March, International Women’s Day.
National Child Award for Exceptional Achievement – National Child Award for Exceptional Achievement is given by Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India. It is given to children with exceptional abilities and who have achieved outstanding status in various fields including academics, arts, culture, design, innovation, research and sports.
Jyanpith Award – It is Indian literary award given for outstanding contribution towards literature.
Sahitya Akademi Award – It is an literary honor in India, and is given to writers of the most outstanding books.
Sahitya Akademi Fellowship – Indian literary honor bestowed by the Sahitya Akademi, which is the Indian National Academy of Letters.
Bhasha Samman – Sahitya Akademy gives these special awards to writers for significant contribution to Indian languages other than the above 24 major ones and also for contribution to classical & medieval literature.
Translation Awards – The Sahitya Akademi annually gives these awards for outstanding translations of major works in other languages into one of the 24 major Indian languages.
Anand Coomarswamy Fellowships – It is given to scholars from Asian countries to spend 3 to 12 months in India to pursue a literary project.
Premchand Fellowship – Named after Hindi writer Premchand, the fellowship was started in 2005. It is given to persons of eminence in the field of Culture from SAARC countries.
National sports Awards
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna – This is the highest sporting honor of the Republic of India. It is awarded annually by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.
Dronacharya award – This is sports coaching honor of the Republic of India. The award is named after Drona, often referred as “Dronacharya” or “Guru Drona”, a character from the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata of ancient India.
Arjuna award – this award is given by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India to recognize outstanding achievement in sports.
Dhyan Chand Award – This is the lifetime achievement sporting honor of the Republic of India. The award is named after Dhyan Chand who scored more than 1000 goals in Indian field hockey.
National Bravery Award
The National Bravery Award are annually given to 25 Indian children below 16 years for meritorious acts of bravery against all odds. The award is given by the Government of India and the Indian Council for Child Welfare.
The awards are usually announced on 14 November, Children’s Day, or in January the following year, and later presented by the prime minister on the eve of the Republic Day.