Goddess Katyayani is the sixth form of Goddess Durga. Maa Katyayani is worshiped for the siddhi which she can grant quickly. The name Katyayani means ‘The daughter of the wise Katya‘. She is named so as sage Katyayan practiced hard penance and got blessed to have incarnate of Goddess Durga as his daughter. Goddess Katyayani is often depicted having four arms of which only one is armed with the sword. She holds the lotus, while her two right hands make the gesture of blessing and peace. She is worshipped for protection and knowledge. She is seen in the form of Goddess Durga killing Mahishasur and known as Mahishasur Mardini as well.
The story of Maa Katyayani in English
Once upon a time, there was a sage named Katyayan. He had a son whose name was Katya. In his family, Katyayana became a sage and gained worldwide popularity. He practiced penance for many years to appease Maa Shakti. At the time of boon, sage Katyayana requested Mother Goddess Durgas to take birth as his daughter. The goddess was very pleased and accepted his request. Later on, when the cruel acts of the demon Mahishasura crossed every limit, the trinity of Gods i.e. Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva became very angry. And hence, they created a goddess by distributing some part of their great power, in order to destroy Mahishasur after a long duel. As sage Katyayana was the first person to worship this goddess, she was named Maa Katyayani.
Maa Katyayani Ki Katha
कत नाम के एक प्रसिद्ध महर्षि थे. उनके पुत्र ऋृषि कात्य हुए. इन्हीं कात्य के गोत्र में विश्वप्रसिद्ध महर्षि कात्यायव उत्पन्न हुए. महर्षि ने कई सालों तक भगवती पराम्बा की उपासना करते हुए कठिन तपस्या की थी. उनकी इच्छा थी कि मां भगवती उनके घर में बेटी के रूप में जन्म लें. मां भगवती ने उनकी प्रार्थना स्वीकार कर ली. कुछ समय बाद जब राक्षस महिषासुर का अत्याचार धरती पर बढ़ गया तब ब्रह्मा, विष्णु और महेश तीनों भगवान ने अपने तेज का अंश देकर महिषासुर के विनाश के लिए देवी को उत्पन्न किया. महर्षि कात्यायन ने सर्वप्रथन इनकी पूजा की. इसी वजह से ये कात्यायनी कहलाईं.
Maa Katyayani Mantra
Katyayani Mahamaye Mahayoginyadheeshwari | Nandgopsutam Devipatim Me Kuru te Namah ||
कात्यायनि महामाये महायोगिन्यधीश्वरि । नन्द गोपसुतं देविपतिं मे कुरु ते नमः ॥