Constitution Day – November 26
Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas in India is celebrated on November 26th. It was on 26th November 1949 when the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, which came into force on 26th January 1950. Baba Saheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar is called the constitution builder of India.
The special thing of the constitution is that the rights and duties i.e. ‘Rights and Duties‘ have been described in detail. Members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the elected members of the assemblies of the states of India. Jawaharlal Nehar, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, etc. were the prominent members of this gathering.
Our constitution is the longest written constitution in the world. The draft writing committee had calligraphed the constitution by writing in Hindi, English and there was no typing or printing involved. Soon after the implementation of the Constitution, society got a fair justice system. Citizens got the freedom of fundamental rights and responsibility of duties.
It is a day for nationwide celebration when various Government department celebrates the first Constitution day. There are events held in school and college on the subject of the constitution of India. The government has planned year-long activities throughout the country to mark 70 years of the adoption of the Constitution.
A National Campaign will also be launched to focus on the fundamental duties which will start on 26 November 2019 and culminate on 26 November 2020. Article 51 ‘A’, contained in Part IV A of the Constitution deals with Fundamental Duties. These enjoin upon a citizen among other things, to abide by the Constitution, to cherish and follow noble ideals, which inspired India’s struggle for freedom, to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so, and to promote harmony and spirit of common brotherhood transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities.
Fundamental Duties of the citizens have been enumerated, by the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution, adopted in 1976, as follows.
to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom; (c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India;
to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures;
to develop the scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
This yearlong awareness program will focus on generating greater awareness in regard to the Fundamental Duties. Encouragement towards acting, implementing, and invigorating compliance with Fundamental Duties enshrined in article 51A of the Constitution.
There will be National level essay competition and state-level debate, mock parliament, and moot court competitions will be held. Various activities like workshops, guest lectures by eminent jurists, poster making, slogan writing, and street plays.