Havan, Yagya or Homa is referred to a fire ritual, where we provide herbal sacrifices to the holy fire. Havan ritual is an important part of many Hindu ceremonies and its variation are continued in Buddhism and Jainism as well.
The Sanskrit word homa (होम) is from the root hu, which refers to “pouring into the fire, offer, sacrifice” and the word yajna (Sanskrit: यज्ञ; yajña) means to worship and appears in Vedic text.
According to Hinduism, every matter is made up of five elements which are Earth (bhumi), Water (jala), Fire (agni), Air (Vayu) and Space (aakash). In Havan, we use the thermal energy of fire and the sound energy of the mantras for therapeutic application which purifies the air and brings harmony in the environment.
The fire destroys the offering and has a purifying effect on the devotee and the environment. The chanting of mantras and offering to fire create a revitalizing and rejuvenating effect for both the body and mind.
Havan Samagri is the blend of different herbal roots, leaves, grains, butter, milk, incense and seeds.
The main content in Havan Samagri are Agar Wood, Anwala, Bach, Baheda, Bawachi, Bay Leaves, Cardamom Green, Chharil, Cloves, Daru, Haldi, Deodar, Dhawai Phool, Dry Coconut or Sookha Nariyal, Dry Eucalyptus leaves, Guggal or Guggul, Guruch, Harr or Harad, Howber, Indra Jau, Jara Kush, Jata Masi? or Balchhad, Kamal Gatta, Kapoor Kachari, Nag Keshar, Nagarmotha, Nutmeg, Red Sandal Wood, Sandal Wood, Sugandh Bala, Sugandh Kokila, Sugandh Mantri, Tagar Wood, Talish Patra, Tej Bal Wood, Tomad Bee. Nowadays you get Havan Samagri packed in the market. The havan samagri is offered in the fire during yagnas and homas, after completion of every mantra chant.
Havan Samagri when offered in the ablazed fire which disseminates in microform, in the air, to purify the environment besides activating the air as a disinfectant germicidal agent. It is anti-bacterial and is made from high-grade raw materials.
Havan Kund is the center place in a Havan in which the fire is put and all the oblations/offerings are made. It could be considered like a sanctum sanctorum for a Yajna.
The structure of the havan kund itself generates energy to perform the rituals. It is traditionally made in pure copper as copper is well known for its grasping capacity, it grasps the divine spirit and destroys bad spirits. The spiritual vibrations are easily absorbed in copper and it has the capacity to transmit them.
The fire is prepared in a small copper pyramid, Havan Kund of specific size and shape. Mango Woods, Havan samgiri, Jaggery, Brown rice, dried cow dung (manure) and ghee (clarified unsalted butter) are the substances burned while chanting mantras. The smoke that emanates from the fire receptacle homa kunda energizes the whole space where the homa is done and creates a positive effect in that place.
1. Havan Purifies the surrounding air.
2. Creates a pure, nutritional and medicinal atmosphere.
3. Fire act as a pesticide for the home.
4. Earth attracts minerals due to heat.
5. Mantras sound energy is very good for eardrums.
6. Reduction in the bacterial count where Havan is performed.
7. Sunrise and sunset are the times at which havan are performed offer maximum healing to atmosphere and humans.
8. Carbon dioxide in small quantities gets mixed with aromatic vapors and act as a cerebral stimulant.
9. Yagna’s ash as an effective fertilizer.
10. Removal of foul odors from the surrounding atmosphere.
Havans purify our body, give peace to the mind and spiritual awakening to our soul and should be performed frequently.