World Population Day is an annual event celebrated on July 11 every year to raise awareness of World Population Issues.
It is a United Nation initiative to bring awareness of various issues related to exploding population and importance of family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health and human rights.
Theme of 2019 was not decided and calls for global attention to the unfinished business of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. Theme for 2018 was “Family Planning is a Human Right”.
This year marks the 50th anniversary of 1968 International Conference on Human Rights, where family planning was, for the first time, globally affirmed to be a human right.
Nine standards to uphold the human right to family planning:
Non-discrimination: Family planning information and services cannot be restricted on the basis of race, sex, language, religion, political affiliation, national origin, age, economic status, place of residence, disability status, marital status, sexual orientation or gender identity.
Available: Countries must ensure that family planning commodities and services are accessible to everyone.
Accessible: Countries must ensure that family planning commodities and services are accessible to everyone.
Acceptable: Contraceptive services and information must be provided in a dignified manner, respecting both modern medical ethics and the cultures of those being accommodated.
Good quality: Family planning information must be clearly communicated and scientifically accurate.
Informed decision-making: Every person must be empowered to make reproductive choices with full autonomy, free of pressure, coercion or misrepresentation.
Privacy and confidentiality: All individuals must enjoy the right to privacy when seeking family planning information and services.
Participation: Countries have an obligation to ensure the active and informed participation of individuals in decisions that affect them, including health issues.
Accountability: Health systems, education systems, leaders and policymakers must be accountable to the people they serve in all efforts to realize the human right to family planning.