Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India where multi-hued culture have blossemed, it boast of having multicultural, multiracial, fabulous wealth of nature-hills, valleys, rivers, forests, and vast plains.
Uttar Pradesh have oldest seat of India’s culture and civilization, as it is around holy river Ganga where the ancient cities and towns were found. The main attraction of India Taj is situated in Uttar Pradesh.
The epics of Hinduism, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, were written in Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh also had the glory of being home to Lord Buddha
The empire of Chandra Gupta Maurya extended nearly over the whole of Uttar Pradesh after the fall of Mauryas,Uttar Pradesh was divided into four parts: Surseva, North Panchal, Kosal, and Kaushambi.
The Gupta Empire ruled over nearly the whole of Uttar Pradesh, and it was during this time that culture and architecture reached its peak.
The seventh century witnessed the taking over of Kannauj by Harshavardhana. Than came the Mughal dynasty, the period of Shahjahan is known as the golden period of India in art, culture, and architecture. It was during his reign that the classical wonder Taj Mahal was built in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Uttar Pradesh played important part in -independence movement, Sri Lal Bahadur Shastri, Sri Jawaharlal Nehru, Smt. Indira Gandhi, Sri Charan Singh and Sri Chandra Shekhar were only a few of the important names who played a significant role in India’s freedom movement and also rose to become the prime ministers of this great nation.
On 9 November 2000, the Himalayan portion of the state, comprising the Garhwal and
Kumaon divisions and Haridwar district, was formed into a new state ‘Uttaranchal’, now
called Uttarakhand, meaning the ‘Northern Segment’ state.
Culture and Tradition of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh holy land of the holy People is popular for its ghats and holy rivers so people follow the trend of bathing in the holy rivers to get purified from the sins. The most spoken language are Hindi and Urdu.
Weddings in Uttar Pradesh are closely linked to the cultural roots of the state where wedding ritual takes hours to complete, as religious ceremonies are given lot of importance.
Costumes of Uttar Pradesh
The costume of Uttar Pradesh is a very typical one where the women are clad in their saris adorned by the golden jewellery and Mangal Sutr (a chain with a pendulum gifted by groom to his bride)worn by married women while the men look clad in doti kurta or kurta pyjama. Toe rings is common all over the Uttar Pradesh among the married woman folks.
The veil for Muslim women and Sherwani for Muslim men is the special thing to observe. The special Banarasi sari and the Lucknowi Sherwani are the two items to take with you as a souvenir.
Cuisines in Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is home of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. As wheat is the staple food of the state, they can be of different types of flour and made of different way tandoori naan, tandoori roti, kulcha, taftan, sheermal, millet and lachha paratha are some popular breads.
while the most common dishes are Chole Bhature, Daal bhari Puri, Dum Bhindi, Kadi Chawal, Kakori Kabab, paneer dishes, Shami Kabab, puri and raita.
While the traditional deserts are barfi, Balushahi, Ghewar, Kaju Katli, Gajar ka Halwa, Gujia and jalebi. Thandai is a common beverage of Uttar Pradesh.
Music and Dances of Uttar Pradesh
The state is home to a very old tradition in dance and music. Kathak is a classical form of Uttar Pradeah involving gracefully coordinated movements of feet along with entire body.
Rasiya is a dance form which celebrates the divine love of Radha and Krishna, while other forms are Swang, Ramlila, Nautanki, Naqal and Qawwali that are a part of Uttar Pradesh.
Music personalities from Uttar Pradesh are Naushad Ali, Talat Mehmood, Begum Akhtar, Anup Jalota, Baba Sehgal, Shubha Mudgal, Bismillah Khan and Ravi Shankar.
Famous tourist attraction
There are numerous tourist attraction in the state and Taj Mahal is the most visited. while Varanasi, Allahabad, Ayodhya, and the Mathura-Vrindavan area; Buddhist centres such as Sarnath, Kasia (site of Kushinagara, where the Buddha died), and Shravasti; and other historic places such as Agra, Lucknow, and Kannauj are also place of interest for tourist.