Nirjala Ekadashi Vrat

Nirjala Ekadashi Vrat

Fasting is an integral part of Hinduism and Ekadashi fast is one of them. Ekadashi means eleventh lunar day and there are two lunar phases in the Hindu calendar month, the Sukhla Paksha and the Krishna Paksha. We consider Ekadashi as a spiritual day by keeping fast.

Out of all the twenty-four Ekadashi in a year, Nirjala Ekadashi is the most important and significant than other Ekadashis.  It is believed that observing a single fast on this day will bring you all the blessings and benefits you get by keeping fast on all twenty-four Ekadashi in a year.

Nirjala Ekadashi

It is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is observed on the 11th lunar day of the waxing fortnight in the month of Jyestha. This fast is the toughest of all the Ekadashi as it is Nirjala means without having water, so in this fasting, you not only abstain from food but also from water.

It is also called Jyeshtha Shukla Ekadashi as it falls on Jyestha in the Shukla Paksha (June) or Bhimsani Ekadashi as according to legend Bhim sen, the second Pandav brother observed this tough fast. Ganga Dussehra is celebrated one day before Nirjala Ekadashi, however sometimes both the festivals may fall on the same day.

On this day we should worship Lord Vishnu and keep fast for 24 hours abstaining from food and water the fast starts on Ekadasi sunrise and ends on the next day (Dwadasi) sunrise. On the preceding day that is on the 10th lunar day after performing evening prayer, one meal is taken, and the next day keeps the strict fast and offers pooja to Lord Vishnu to ensure happiness, prosperity, and forgiveness of sins.

This year 2022, Nirjala Ekadashi fast is on June 10th Friday.

What to do on Nirjala Ekadashi fasting

Lord Vishnu

  • It is auspicious for devotees to bathe in holy rivers.
  • Get up early in the morning, after taking bath to wear yellow clothes, and worship Lord Vishnu.
  • Devotees remain awake the whole night and sing praises of Vishnu or meditate on his image.
  • You can worship Vishnu Yantras, chant “Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya” or chant Hare Krishna Maha-Mantra.
  • Donate clothes, food grains, umbrellas, hand-fans, pitchers filled with water, gold, etc. to Brahmins.


Legend has it that Bhima, the second of Pandava brothers, wanted to observe Ekadasi fasting but still eat food. But fasting and eating were not possible. So Sage Vyasa advised Bhim to observe Nirjala Ekadasi fasting which falls during the waxing phase (Shukla Paksha) in Jyeshta month as it has the benefits of observing all the 24 Ekadasis. Thus Bhim was able to get the benefits of all Ekadasis by observing Nirjala Ekadasi. thus it is also called Bhimseni Ekadashi, Bhima Ekadashi, or Pandava Ekadashi.

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Simmi Kamboj

Simmi Kamboj is the Founder and Administrator of Ritiriwaz, your one-stop guide to Indian Culture and Tradition. She had a passion for writing about India's lifestyle, culture, tradition, travel, and is trying to cover all Indian Cultural aspects of Daily Life.