A Hindu religious leader who founded the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. Arya Samaj is an Indian religious movement that promotes values and practices based on the infallibility of the Vedas.
Swami Dayananda Saraswati’s creations, the Arya Samaj, unequivocally condemns practices of different religions and communities that are noted to be prevalent, such as idol worship, animal sacrifice, pilgrimages, priestcraft, offerings made in temples, the castes, child marriages, meat eating and discrimination against women on the grounds that all these lacked Hinduism of that time. The Arya Samaj discourages dogma and symbolism and encourages skepticism in beliefs that run contrary to common sense and logic. Swami Dayananda Saraswati advocated the doctrine of Karma and Reincarnation.
He emphasized the Vedic ideals of brahmacharya and devotion to God. Among Swami Dayananda Saraswati’s contribution are his promoting of the equal rights for women, such as the right to education and reading of Indian scriptures, and his intuitive commentary on the Vedas from Vedic Sanskrit in Sanskrit as well as Hindi so that common man might be able to read them. Swami Dayananda Saraswati was first to give the word of Swadeshi long before Mahatma Gandhi.
Dayanand Saraswati is noted to have thoroughly studied about religions other than Hinduism, such as Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity, Sikhism, and others. Swami Dayanand Saraswati positively made a revolution in the socio-political fabric not only of the Indians but of the whole mankind