Maa Shailputri – First Among Nav Durga

Maa Shailputri – First Among Nav Durga

The first day of Navratri is dedicated to Maa Shailputri. On this day Ghatasthapana is done i.e. Kalash is established. The worship of Durga avatar Shailputri is done after Ghatasthapana. Shailputri literally means mountain (shaila) and daughter (putri) hence means daughter of the mountains.

She is also known as Sati, Bhavani, Parvati, or Hemavati. She is the primal energy of the Tri Murthis Brahmma, Vishnu, and Shiva and is known as the mother of nature. She was born as the daughter of the King of mountains Himalaya. She is depicted carrying a trishool (trident) on her right hand and a lotus on the left hand. She rides a bull and has a blissful look and a pleasant smile and has a half-moon on her crown.

Story of Maa Shailputri in English

Shailputri in her previous birth was born as a daughter to Daksha Prajapati. She was named ‘Sati’. She had been deeply devoted to Lord Shiva since her childhood. When she grew into a maiden, she propitiated Lord Shiva by her penance and devotion and desired to beget Him as her wife. Lord Shiva bestowed the desired boon on her and accepted her as his wife. Once her father Daksha Prajapati organized a great Yajna in which all the gods including Brahma, Vishnu, Indra and saints, and sages were invited, but Lord Shiva was excluded. When Goddess Sati came to know of it, she could not tolerate the disgrace of Lord Shiva. So, she decided to pay a visit to her father. Getting angry Sati spoke to Lord Shiva, “O Dear Lord! My father Daksha Prajapati is performing a grand fire sacrifice. All the gods, saints, seers, and sages have been invited to participate in this sacrifice, but he has disgraced you openly by not inviting you. I can never bear your insult. So, you kindly let me go to my father to speak out my mind to him.”

Seeing the infuriated Sati, Lord Shiva said to her, “O Goddess! It does not behoove you to lose your temper over such a trifle. Daksha Prajapati is the performer of this great sacrifice. It is his sweet will to invite or ignore anyone. You must not poke your nose into his affairs. Such trivial steps may cause bitterness in your relations.”

Sati’s anger did not subside even after such a lecture given to her by Lord Shiva. Seeing her great obduracy, Lord Shiva ultimately granted her permission to see her father.

When Goddess Sati reached the site of the Yajna, she heard everybody denouncing Lord Shiva. Even Daksha, her father, surrounded by his servants was busy with the condemnation of Lord Shiva. All her sisters were mocking at Sati. Such a hostile situation fanned the fire of her fury even more. She failed to endure such a horrible disgrace of her Lord and consigned herself to the sacrificial flames. When Lord Shiva heard of Sati’s self-immolation, he sent his attendants to destroy the sacrifice.

Sati in her next birth was born as a daughter to Himalaya, the Lord of Mountains. She was named Parvati or Hemvati. Since she was born as a daughter to the mountain-king Himalaya, she is also known as Shailputri. She propitiated Lord Shiva by her severe penance and begot him as her husband. Among the Nine Durgas, the importance and powers of Mother Shailputri are unlimited. On the first day of auspicious Navaratri, she alone is adored and worshipped.

Suggested Read: Different Forms of Durga

Maa Shailputri story in Hindi

अपने पूर्वजन्म में ये प्रजापति दक्ष के घर की कन्या के रूप में उत्पन्न हुईं थीं। तब इनका नाम ‘सती’ था और इनका विवाह भगवान शंकरजी से हुआ था। एक बार प्रजापति दक्ष ने बहुत बड़ा यज्ञ किया जिसमें उन्होंने सारे देवताओं को अपना- अपना यज्ञ- भाग प्राप्त करने के लिए निमंत्रित किया। किन्तु दक्ष ने शंकरजी को इस यज्ञ में निमंत्रित नहीं किया। सती ने जब सुना कि उनके पिता एक अत्यन्त विशाल यज्ञ का अनुष्ठान कर रहे हैं तो वहां जाने के लिए उनका मन व्याकुल हो उठा। अपनी यह इच्छा उन्होंने शंकरजी को बताई।

सारी बातों पर विचार करने के बाद उन्होंने कहा – प्रजापति दक्ष किसी कारणवश हमसे रुष्ट हैं। अपने यज्ञ में उन्होंने सारे देवताओं को आमंत्रित किया है। उनके यज्ञ- भाग भी उन्हें समर्पित किए हैं, किन्तु जान- बूझकर हमें नहीं बुलाया है। ऐसी स्थिति में तुम्हारा वहां जाना किसी भी प्रकार श्रेयस्कर नहीं होगा।

शंकरजी के इस उपदेश से सती को कोई बोध नहीं हुआ और पिता का यज्ञ देखने, माता- बहनों से मिलने की इनकी व्यग्रता किसी भी प्रकार कम न हुई। उनका प्रबल आग्रह देखकर अंतत: शंकरजी ने उन्हें वहां जाने की अनुमति दे ही दी।
सती ने पिता के घर पहुंचकर देखा कि कोई भी उनसे आदर और प्रेम के साथ बात नहीं कर रहा है। सारे लोग मुँह फेरे हुए हैं। केवल सती की माता ने स्नेह से उन्हें गले लगाया। बहनों की बातों में व्यंग्य और उपहास के भाव भरे हुए थे। परिजनों के इस व्यवहार से सती के मन को बहुत क्लेश पहुँचा। सती ने जब देखा कि वहाँ चतुर्दिक भगवान शंकर जी के प्रति तिरस्कार का भाव भरा हुआ है और दक्ष ने भी उनके प्रति कुछ अपमानजनक वचन कहे।

यह सब देखकर सती का ब्रदय क्षोभ, ग्लानि और क्रोध से संतप्त हो उठा और उन्होंने सोचा भगवान शंकर जी की बात न मान, यहां आकर मैने बहुत बड़ी भूल की है। सती अपने पति भगवान शंकर जी का अपमान न सह सकीं और उन्होंने उस रूप को तत्क्षण वहीं योगग्नि द्वारा भस्म कर दिया। वज्रपात के समान इस दु:खद समाचार को सुनकर शंकरजी ने अतिक्रुद्ध होकर अपने गणों को भेजकर दक्ष के यज्ञ का पूर्णतया: विध्वंस करा दिया। सती ने योगाग्नि द्वारा अपने शरीर को भस्म कर अगले जन्म में शैलराज हिमालय की पुत्री के रूप में जन्म लिया। इस बार वे “शैलपुत्री” नाम से विख्यात हुईं।

पार्वती, हैमवती भी उन्हीं के नाम हैं। उपनिषद की कथा के अनुसार इन्हीं ने हैमवती स्वरूप से देवताओं का गर्व- भंजन किया था। “शेलपुत्री” देवी का विवाह भी शंकरजी से ही हुआ। पूर्वजन्म की ही भांति वे इस बार भी शिवजी की ही अर्धांगिनी बनीं। नवदुर्गाओं में प्रथम शैलपुत्री दुर्गा का महत्व और शक्तियाँ अनंत हैं।

Mantras for Shailputri Devi

Om Devi Shailputryai Namah (108 recitations of this mantra)

ॐ देवी शैलपुत्र्यै नमः||

Mata Shailputri Prarthana Mantra

Vande Vanchhit Laabhaay, Chandrardhkritshekharaam | Vrisharudham Shooldharaam Shailputriim Yashaswinim ||

वन्दे वांछितलाभाय चन्दार्धकृतशेखराम्। वृषारूढां शूलधरां शैलपुत्रीं यशस्विनीम्।

Happy Sharad Navratri 2020: Wishes, Messages, Quotes, Images, Facebook & Whatsapp status

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Simmi Kamboj is the Founder and Administrator of Ritiriwaz, your one-stop guide to Indian Culture and Tradition. She had a passion for writing about India's lifestyle, culture, tradition, travel, and is trying to cover all Indian Cultural aspects of Daily Life.

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