Importance of Swastika (卐) In Indian Culture
Swastik (Swastika, 卐) is very scared symbol for Hindus and it represent peace, luck, hope, harmony and prosperity. It is considered as the symbol of God Shree Ganesha, Lord Vishnu and the seat of the sun.
The Swastik enjoys special importance in Indian culture. The sign of swastika in Central Asia countries is considered as an indicator of Manglik and good fortune.
The word Swastika in sanskrit language means auspicious (Khushali) and it symbolize the welcoming of auspiciousness and driving away evils. The importance of swastika has been explained in all religions. It is also known by different names in different countries.
Four thousand years ago, civilizations of the Indus Valley also got swastika marks. In Nepal it is worshiped by the name of Heramb. Swastik symbol is used to win weapons in Mesopotamia. Hitler also adopted this swastika sign.
Swastik can be seen drawn in temples, house entrance, during festivals like diwali as it represent good luck and well being. It is made in red color as red color holds a paramount of importance in Indian culture as we use it in form of vermilion, roli or kumkum. The red color symbolizes bravery and victory. Red color also shows love, adventure and courage. Apart from religious significance, the red color is also considered right from scientific point of view. Red color affects the physical and mental level of a person.
According to Vastu Shastra, there are four directions in the Swastika East, West, North and South. Therefore, it is worshiped in every Hindu auspiciousness, and in the same way it is worship in some form in every religion.
But according to Hindu beliefs, these lines are symbols of the four Vedas – Rig Veda, Yajurveda, Atharva Veda and Samaveda. Some also believe that these four lines show the four ends of Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe.
Apart from this, the four lines have been compared to the manuscript, four ashrams, four people and four deities, that is, Lord Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh (Lord Shiva) and Ganesha.
The line that begins from the left represent the feminine energy (Shakti) and the line that begins from the right represent the masculine energy (Shiva or Shakta).
The entire symbol has 4 perfect sized squares which merge at the center, the 4 perfect squares represent the harmony which arises from the center of the Swastika.
Importance of Swastik for Hindu
In hindu religion it is very auspicious to draw Swastik before any big or small ritual. In the beginning of any puja ritual in India, be it a wedding or grah pravesh Swastik sign is made and it is considered to bring good fortune.
Importance of Swastik in Buddhism
In Buddhism, the Swastik is considered a symbol of good fortune. This Sign is believed to show the Buddha’s footprints, so it is considered very sacred. Not only this, the Swastik is also inscribed in the Buddha’s heart, palm and feet.
Importance of Swastik in Jainism
In Jainism this is the symbol of seventh living, which is known by all the Tirthankara as Suparshvanath. Svetambara considers Jain Swastik as the main symbol of Ashta Mangal.