Rao Bahadur Sir Chhotu Ram, was a prominent politician in British India’s Punjab Province, an ideologue of the Jat peasantry and a champion of its interests. He was knighted in 1937 and was a co-founder of the National Unionist Party.
Sir Chhotu Ram’s ideology combined the endorsment of certain Hindu cultural claims of the Jats with the need for a secular, rural identity for agriculturist communities. While his paradoxial political stance provided the context for the strengthening of the Jat identity, his pro-agriculturist ideology was appropriated by the Unionists and contributed to their electoral success .
His own understanding of the Jat identity combined the themes of caste (Kshatriya) assertions and land ownership. He worked to project the Jats as a community lacking in self-confidence and in need for both protection and recognition, to boster their self-confidence and transform them into a politically, culturally and economically viable entity.