Languages in India State Wise

Languages in India State Wise

India is a diverse country and its diversification is not only in their culture, tradition, lifestyle, food, and dresses but also in their languages. There is a proverb in India “Every two miles the water changes, every four miles the speech.” You will find a different dialect of the language spoken over a certain specific distance.

In India, there are a total of 22 languages which are called the Scheduled Languages of India. The Union of India has two official languages Hindi and English. The Government of India has announced that 22 languages as National Languages. The 22 Scheduled Languages of India are Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Assamese, Maithili, Santali, Kashmiri, Nepali, Sindhi, Konkani, Dogri, Manipuri, Bodo, and Sanskrit.

Every state can have a special language to run as an official language of state government according to the constitution of the Republic of India. For example, Andhra Pradesh state has Telugu language, state Tamil Nadu has Tamil Language, Kerala state has Malayalam, Karnataka state has Kannada, Maharashtra has Marathi, the state of Gujarat has Gujarati, Rajasthan state has Marwari language, state of Telangana has Telugu and Urdu, etc.

1. Assamese Assamese is the language that is spoken by the people from Assam state which is in North-East India. It is an Indo-Aryan Language.

2. Bengali Bengali is spoken by the people in West Bengal state (Eastern India). It is an Indo-Aryan Language.

3. Bodo – Bodo language was recently announced as one of the national languages. Approximately 15 lakhs people speak this language. It belongs to Assam state ( North-East ).

4. Dogri Dogri is the language spoken by Jammu & Kashmir ( Nothern India ) people. It was also recently announced as one of the National Language by the Indian Constitution.

5. Gujarati It is an Indo-Aryan Language. The people of Gujarat state ( State of Western India ) speaks this language.

6. Hindi – Hindi is the language spoken by most people in India and the second one in the world. Hindi has no separate script. It uses the Sanskrit Devanagari script. It is one of the official languages of The Government of India.

7. Kannada Kannada is the official Language for the Karnataka state which is in Southern India. It belongs to the Dravidian Language Family. Approximately 4 crore people speak this language.

8. Kashmiri – It is the official language of Jammu & Kashmir state. It is an Indo-Aryan Language.

9. Konkana – Konkana is an Indo-Aryan language. It is the official language for the State of Goa Which is in Western India.

10. Maithili – This language was recently announced as one of the national languages by the Indian Constitution. Approximately 1-3 million people from Bihar which is in Eastern India speaks this language.

11. Malayalam It belongs to Dravidian Language Family, spoken by the people from Kerala state which is in Southern India.

12. Manipuri – Manipuri language is spoken by the people from the state Manipur which belongs to North-East India. Manipuri language belongs to The Tibeto-Burman Language Family.

13. Marathi It is an Indo-Aryan family language that has no separate script. Marathi uses the Devanagari Script which belongs to Sanskrit. This language is spoken by the people of Maharashtra state, Dadra Nagar Haveli, and Daman Diu.

14. Nepali – Nepali is the language spoken by 30 lakhs people who are living in Sikkim and West Bengal. Both belong to Eastern India.

15. Odiya – Odiya is the official language for the state of Odisha. This state is located in Eastern India. Approximately 3 crore people are speaking this language.

16. Punjabi It is an Indo-Aryan Language. it is spoken by 3 crore members who belong to the states Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Delhi.

17. Sanskrit – It is the oldest language in the world. It is also called as Mother of all languages. All ancient scriptures were written in this language. It is considered as Devabhasha ( Language of Deities ). It uses the Devanagari script.

18. Santhali – This language is spoken by the people from Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Bihar. It was added as a constitutional language recently.

19. Sindhi – This language is spoken by the people from North-West India. Now, most people are there in Pakistan who speak this language.

20. Tamil It is considered as one of the most ancient and classical Languages. Approximately 5 crore members speak this language. This is the official language of Tamil Nadu state which is in Southern India. It belongs to the Dravidian Language family.

21. Telugu It is also called as ‘Italian of the East’, ‘Shuddh Bhasha’. It belongs to the Dravidian Language Family. It is the Offical language of Andhra Pradesh state which is in Southern India. It is also considered as one of the ancient and classical languages.

22. Urdu – Urdu is a second/alternative official language for Telangana state which is in Southern India. It is spoken by 7 crore people approximately all over India. Most of the people from Jammu & Kashmir, Bihar, Telangana speaks this language.

Indian states language

There have also been demands to add more languages to this list. They include:

  1. Angika
  2. Banjara
  3. Bajjika
  4. Bishnupriya
  5. Bhojpuri
  6. Ladakhi
  7. Bhotia
  8. Bundelkhandi
  9. Chhattisgarhi/Kosali
  10. Dhatki
  11. Indian English
  12. Indian French
  13. Garhwali (Pahari)
  14. Garo
  15. Gondi
  16. Gujjar/Gujjari
  17. Haryanvi
  18. Ho
  19. Kachachhi
  20. Kamtapuri
  21. Karbi
  22. Khasi
  23. Kodava (Coorgi)
  24. Kokborok
  25. Kumaoni (Pahari)
  26. Kurukh
  27. Kurmali
  28. Lepcha
  29. Limbu
  30. Magahi
  31. Mizo (Lushai)
  32. Mundari
  33. Nagpuri
  34. Nicobarese
  35. Himachali
  36. Pali
  37. Rajbanshi
  38. Rajasthani
  39. Sambalpuri
  40. Shaurseni (Prakrit)
  41. Siraiki
  42. Tenyidi
  43. Tulu

It’s important to note that, the imposition of larger languages in India has also resulted in the drowning out of many small languages.

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Simmi Kamboj

Simmi Kamboj is the Founder and Administrator of Ritiriwaz, your one-stop guide to Indian Culture and Tradition. She had a passion for writing about India's lifestyle, culture, tradition, travel, and is trying to cover all Indian Cultural aspects of Daily Life.
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