National Farmers Day or Kisan diwas is observed on December 23 in India on the occasion of birthday of Chaudhary Charan Singh who was the 5th Prime Minister of India.
Chaudhary Charan Singh was the savior of the poor and the farmers (Messiah of the farmers). He served the country for a very short tenure from 28th of July 1979 till 14th January 1980. He was a simple minded man who introduced many policies during his tenure for upliftment of Indian farmers. He belonged to farmer’s family, so he made a lot of efforts to improve the lives of Indian farmers.
He followed the famous slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ given by the 2nd Prime Minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri. He introduced Market Bill in the Legislative Assembly. The purpose of the bill was to protect the well-being of farmers against the greed and tyranny of landlords. The Zamindari Abolition Act was also introduced and implemented by him.
The famous Kisan Ghat in New Delhi is dedicated to Chaudhary Charan Singh due to his involvement with causes related to farmer communities in the north.
|1.||Farmers day date||23 December|
|2.||Why was this day chosen?||Chaudhary Charan Singh’s Birthday, Kisan Leader|
|3.||How it is celebrated||
India is primarily an agriculture based country, and agriculture is practiced since ages and is the backbone of Indian economy. Agriculture is the main source of live hood for 80% population of rural India. The condition of farmers in India is not good, nearly 80 percent of the farmers are small, they have crop as the basic source of wealth.
As long as crop is good they can fulfill the basic amenities of life, but if the crop fails due to drought, famine, flood, bad weather, chemical and fertilizers or poor seed quality than its only the farmer who suffers.
Every year National Farmers Day is organized in all the states of India, mainly in maximum agriculture producing states. This day is no less than a celebration in states like Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and others. A lot of enthusiasm is seen in these states on this day.
Many members of the peasant community and the rural class organize agricultural based programs. Many debate competitions, quiz programs, etc., try to bring awareness related to agricultural work. During this time many issues related to farmers are discussed, representatives of farmers are able to express their problems and issues, on this day those who work for the development of farmers are also specially honored.
Farmers have to work very hard and struggle for good grain production, they have to face problems from time to time to fertilize the fields, give water, remove weeds, save from insect moth, etc., which sometimes spoil the crop of farmers. In view of all these problems, a number of steps have been taken to overcome the problems of the farmers, and Farmers’ Day is an important way to overcome their problems.
In Kisan Diwas, farmers are told how to grow grains in new ways and modern machines are used so that work can be done easily and at a low cost. Earlier, the farmers used to take a few days working several hours to do the work, which now can be done in a very short time by modern methods.
On the occasion of Farmers Day, a number of organizations and people organize an awareness rally for farmers. Under this, people were told about the participation and hard work of farmers in the development of the country. Along with this, farmers are also informed about their rights and special benefits and schemes provided to them by the government.
Various workshops, exhibitions and seminars are organized by the state governments and rural development associations on this day to ensure development in the field of farming. Agriculture department officials and agricultural scientists visit villages to provide solutions and information about farming techniques and various types of insurance schemes to understand farmers and their related issues and to save their agricultural production.
During the celebration of Farmers Day, agricultural scientists and experts organize various information programs in the field of farming for the benefit of farmers. Experts also make different suggestions to avoid situations that reduce agricultural production or produce bad results in agricultural production.
Thus participating in these programs are very beneficial for the farmers for the development of their farming. The agriculture department of the state government and the representatives of the farmers stand together on the same platform to discuss the issues and solutions related to the farmers. This day is used to raise awareness about advanced farming techniques.