Telangana Formation Day – June 2nd
Telangana was formed as the 29th State of India on 2nd June 2014. Telangana Formation Day is observed by people of the state to celebrate the birth of the youngest state and remember the struggle that preceded the carving out of the new state of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh.
History of Telangana
After several years of protests and agitation and after the huge demand for a new state that was raised from the Telangana movement, the Central Government, under the United Progressive Alliance government, finally decided to separate and to bifurcate the State of Andhra Pradesh into Telangana and the rest of Andhra Pradesh.
Telangana Movement was a movement in which the demand for the separate state of Telangana had arisen. It has a long history behind it. The Telangana region comprises a Telugu-speaking part of the princely state of Hyderabad. It lies near the Deccan plateau and is the hub of the mainland rivers such as the Krishna and Godavari.
Telangana was never part of the British Empire. When India became independent the princely state of Hyderabad under Nizam rule was merged inside the Indian territory based on the instrument of accession. Meanwhile, the Telugu-speaking region was carved out completely from the Madras State. The States Reorganisation Committee in 1953 was appointed by the Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who was the then Prime Minister of India to separate Telangana and form it into a new state but later Nehru had to give up his idea after the brutal revolutionary movement in Hyderabad.
In 1969, the demand for Telangana was again raised by constant protests by students and government employees but it was later suppressed after a short period. After the rise of the Telugu Desam Party, the demand for Telangana again gained media attention. In October 2008, Telugu Desam Party supported the demand for a separate state Telangana.
The Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act (“Telangana Bill”) was to bifurcate Andhra Pradesh into two new states, “Telangana” and “residuary Andhra Pradesh,” which was finalized on March 1, 2014, and new state boundaries came to effect on June 2, 2014. The Act stipulates that the governor will administer Hyderabad as the joint capital of both states until a new capital is named for residuary Andhra Pradesh for a period of ten years.
After the commencement of this Act, a new state Telangana came into existence with ten districts. The Act divided all the assets, liabilities, boundaries, and contracts between the two successor states,
How the day is celebrated
The day is celebrated by the state government with flag hosting and conducting various events. Tributes are paid at the memorial of Telangana martyrs by the Chief Minister of the State. The state also honors the exemplary contribution of people in different fields of science, art, and literature by giving the Telangana State Awards.
At several Hotels, Telangana food festivals are organized. On Telangana Formation Day, people of the state enjoy their day by spending their time with friends, neighbors, and their families. But this year due to COVID-19, the celebration will not be as grand as always.
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