Shaheed Diwas, Martyrs Day, Sarvodaya day or Saheed Din is celebrated in India to pay homage to those who fought for the Nation.
30 January is the choosen as Martyr’s Day to mark the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1948. M.K.Gandhi was assassinated at the Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti) in New Delhi on 30 January 1948.
The anniversary of the deaths of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru on 23 March, 1931, is declared to be Martyr’s Day. In the year 1929, on 8th of April he together with his companions threw bombs over the Central Legislative Assembly reading slogan “Inquilab Zindabad”. On 23 March the freedom fighters sacrificed their lives for the Nation. Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were sentenced to death in the Lahore conspiracy case and ordered to be hanged on 24 March 1931. The schedule was moved forward by 11 hours and the three were hanged on 23 March 1931 at 7:30 pm.
This date marks the death of Dr. Syama Prasad Mukherjee in Kashmir in 1953. He died as detainee under mysterious circumstances which raised wide suspicion, controversies and turmoil across the country that remains suspected and alleged as a vengeful conspiracy by Sheikh Abdullah and Nehru.
Spare a thought for India’s cops and their sacrifices, each year this day that is meant to honour the supreme sacrifices of the police.
This day is celebrated to mark the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai “The Lion of Punjab”. He was an Indian Punjabi author and politician who is chiefly remembered as a leader in the Indian Independence movement. He sustained serious injuries by the police when leading a non-violent protest against the Simon Commission and died less than three weeks later.
This day is celebrated as Martyrs’ Day to mark the birthday of Rani Lakshmibai. She was the queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi State, and became for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to the British Raj.