Samarpan Diwas – Remembering Deendayal Upadhyaya
Samarpan Diwas is the death anniversary of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya, he was the president of Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS). Apart from politics he also contributes to Indian literature. Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) is the forerunner of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He is a revered icon of Integral Humanism, an ideologue, and a guiding force for an alternative model of governance and politics.
Deendayal Upadhyaya (25 September 1916 – 11 February 1968) was one of the leading Indian philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and political scientist gave the concept and developed the doctrine of integral humanism. To spread Hindutva idealogy he started the monthly publication Rashtra Dharma in the 1940s, while involved with the RSS. Integral humanism was a set of concepts drafted by Upadhyaya as a political program and adopted in 1965 as the official doctrine of the Jan Sangh
According to him “Humankind had four hierarchically organized attributes of body, mind, intellect, and soul which corresponded to four universal objectives, Kama (desire), Artha (wealth), Dharma (moral duties) and Moksha (total liberation or ‘salvation’). Dharma is the ‘basic’, and Moksha the ‘ultimate’ objective of humankind and society. Dharma is the thread bear that abides ‘Kama’ and ‘Artha’ for the supreme goal of human life ‘Moksha’.
10 interesting facts related to the life of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya
1. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay is a thinker, philosopher, and co-founder of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh. He was an advocate of an inclusive ideology. Who wanted to build a strong India. Apart from politics, he also had a great inclination towards literature.
2. It is said about Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya that he suddenly disappeared. On 11 February 1968, his body was found at the Mughal Sarai railway station. Which is now known as Deendayal Upadhyaya Station. Its name was changed by the Yogi government in Uttar Pradesh. Along with this, Allahabad has been named Prayagraj.
3. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya was a person of religious instinct. His father’s name was Bhagwati Prasad Upadhyay, assistant station master at Jalesar Road station. He got the quality of education from his family.
4. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay and his brother Shiva Dayal were sent by parents to Nanihal. Mama’s family was very big.
5. Deendayal Upadhyay’s parents died at a young age. When he was three years old, his father died and after three years, when he was 6 years old, his mother died.
6. Deendayal Upadhyay did not study in one place but did his studies from Agra, Pilani, and Allahabad (Prayagraj). When he was a student, he joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and followed his ideology.
7. It is said that when he finished college, he immediately became an RSS pracharak and started working with full responsibility for the organization of the Sangh.
8. During the rail journey on the night of 11 February 1949, he was found dead in suspicious condition near Mughalsarai (Deen Dayal Upadhyay) railway station. There is a mystery about his death.
9. Deendayal Upadhyay and Shyama Prasad Mukherjee together laid the foundation of the Jana Sangh. It can be said that the foundation of the Bharatiya Janata Party is standing on the Jana Sangh. While in the Jana Sangh, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee laid the foundation of an ideology on which the Bharatiya Janata Party was built. The Bharatiya Janata Party has emerged from the Bharatiya Jana Sangh in 1980.
10. After the Bharatiya Janata Party came to power in 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has mentioned the name of Deendayal Upadhyay in his speeches many times. Mughalsarai Junction has been made Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Junction because of PM Modi and CM Yogi. In 2017, it was announced to change the name of Mughalsarai Station.