India is blessed with a number of world heritage monuments showcasing the breathtaking architecture and intricate work. Taj Mahal, a unique masterpiece is a wonder in itself, an absolute epitome of Indian culture, heritage, and civilization. Behind each monument is an underlying sense of mystery, intrigue, and romance. Five thousand years of Indian History has given us the treasure of thousands of monuments across the country, monuments belonging to Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, and Christians. Visit the monuments of India, they are not only fairy tales carved out of stones, bricks, and mortar narrating the tales of valor and courage of Indian rulers.
Monuments in India forms a great heritage of India and they are evidence of India’s historical past. These monuments reflect the culture and the heritage of yore days. Visit India in order to spectacle the miraculous beauty of Indian monuments. Be it Taj Mahal or Khajuraho temple, Indian monuments forms an attractive tourist spot for travelers from all over the world. Plan your monument tour to India and come across the diversity of culture and heritage. The latest addition is the Statue of Unity which is a statue of Indian statesman and independence activist Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
Monumental Heritage of India
¤ Monumental Heritage Has Its Roots In Mohenjodaro and Harappa Civilization
The famous monumental heritage of India–the forts, palaces, temples, mosques, churches etc. is an evidence proving that architecture in India had been a form of expression. The era of architecture in India began with the settlement of the cities of Mohenjodaro and Harappa. The Great Bath, the Assembly Hall, and the Drainage System are a few examples of the earlier architectural forms. Architecture in India evolved over a period of
time, incorporating definitive influences from its various rulers, be it Hindus, Muslims or British.
¤ Religious and Spiritual Monuments
Hindu architecture concentrates immensely on the religious and spiritual. The construction of Temple was what architecture was all about. The famous Khajuraho Temples, Jain shrines at Dilwara, Jagannath Temple at Puri, Konark Sun Temple and Kailashnath Temple at Ellora are some of the finest medieval specimens of famous Hindu Architecture.
The Muslim invasions brought about a tremendous change in the forms of architecture, with the features like arches, tombs, mosques, minarets etc. Qutub Minar, Taj Mahal, Jama Masjid (Delhi) remain unexcelled even today.
¤ British Style of Architecture
Leaving more than a lasting impact on India’s architecture, the British followed various architectural styles – Gothic, Imperial, Christian, English Renaissance and Victorian being the essentials. The Rajabai Tower at Mumbai (Bombay), Victoria Memorial at Calcutta, Law Courts at Chennai (Madras) and the layout of the cities of New Delhi and Chandigarh are few of the examples symbolizing the British colonial architecture in India.
Also Read: Indian Art and Architecture
Here is the list of monuments in India:
Agra Fort | Ajanta Caves | Akbar Tomb | Akshardham Gandhinagar | Akshardham Delhi | Amaravati Stupa | Amber Fort | Arjuna Penance | Aurangabad Caves | Bada Imambara | Bangla Sahib | Basilica of Bom Jesus | Bekal Fort | Bolgatty Palace | Brihadeeswarar Temple | Buland Darwaza | Cellular Jail | Charminar | Chettinad Palace | Chittorgarh Fort | City Palace Jaipur | City Palace Udaipur | Dhamekh Stupa | Dilwara Temples | Dutch Palace | Elephanta Caves | Ellora Caves | Fateh Prakash Palace | Ferozshah Kotla | Fort St George | Gangaikondacholapuram | Gateway of India | Gingee Fort | Golconda Fort | Golden Temple | Gol Gumbaz | Gomateshwara Statue | Hampi Ruins | Hawa Mahal | Humayun Tomb | India Gate | Jagannath Temple | Jaigarh Fort | Jaisalmer Fort | Jama Masjid | Janjira Fort | Jantar Mantar Delhi | Jantar Mantar Jaipur | Jewish Synagogue | Junagarh Fort | Khajuraho Temples | Kumbhalgarh Fort | Lake Palace | Lalgarh Palace | Leh Palace | Lodi Tomb | Lotus Temple | Mahabodhi Temple | Meenakshi Temple | Mehrangarh Fort | Moti Masjid | Mysore Palace | Padmanabhapuram Palace | Palitana Temples | Pattadakal Temple | Patwon ki Haveli | Purana Qila | Qutub Minar | Rashtrapati Bhavan | Red Fort | Rock Fort Temple | Rumi Darwaza | Safdarjung Tomb | Sanchi Stupa | Shore Temple | Statue of Unity | Sun Temple | Taj Mahal | Thirumalai Nayak Palace | Tughlaqabad Fort | Umaid Bhawan Palace | Valluvar Kottam | Velankanni Church | Victoria Memorial | Vivekananda Memorial