Ekadashi Vrat - Year 2021
Ekadashi ("Eleventh"), also spelled as Ēkādaśi (एकादशी → एक + दशम्), is the eleventh lunar day (tithi) of each of the two lunar phases which occur in an vedic calendar month - the Shukla Pakṣa or Shukla Paksha (शुक्ल पक्ष) (the period of the brightening moon also known as the waxing phase) and the Kṛṣṇa Pakṣa or Krishna Paksha (कृष्ण पक्ष) (the period of the fading moon also known as the waning phase). It is according to the Vedic medical texts of Ayurveda (आयुर्वेद) and is mentioned in detail in many original treatises such as Charaka Samhita (चरक सहिंता) and Susruta Samhita (सुश्रुत संहिता).
Ekadashi occurs on the 11th day of each period (twice a month) when we keep fast and pray Lord Vishnu. It is tradition in Hindu religion to observe fast on this day and is considered a holy and auspicious day.
In Hinduism and Jainism it is considered a spiritual day and is usually observed by a partial fast. Only fruit, vegetables, and milk products are eaten during Ekadashi. This period of abstinence runs from sunrise on the day of Ekadashi to sunrise on the following day.
There are 2 ekadashi's in each month plus 5 additional Vrats (व्रत) that must be taken which means there is a total of 29 Vrats in a year which must be taken. They are as follows:
Because spiritual vibrations are heightened on this day with the particular configuration of moon and earth, it is considered beneficial also to keep silence, turn inwards and intensify one's meditation and other spiritual practices.
|वैदिक मास||पालक देवता||शुक्लपक्ष एकादशी||कृष्णपक्ष एकादशी|
|अधिक (3 वर्ष में एक बार)||पुरुषोत्तम||पद्मिनी||परमा|
List of Ekadashi in the year 2021
Saphala Ekadashi (सफला एकादशी) - Jan 9th, 2021
Putrada Ekadashi (पुत्रदा एकादशी) - Jan 24th, 2021
Shattila Ekadashi (षटतिला एकादशी) - Feb 7th, 2021
Vaishnava Shattila Ekadashi (षटतिला एकादशी) - Feb 8th, 2021
Jaya Ekadashi (जया एकादशी) - Feb 23rd, 2021
Vijaya Ekadashi (विजया एकादशी) - Mar 9th, 2021
Amalaki Ekadashi (आमलकी एकादशी) - Mar 25th, 2021
Papmochani Ekadashi (पापमोचिनी एकादशी) - Apr 7th, 2021
Kamada Ekadashi (कामदा एकादशी) - Apr 23rd, 2021
Varuthini Ekadashi (वरूथिनी एकादशी) - May 7th, 2021
Mohini Ekadashi (मोहिनी एकादशी) - May 22nd, 2021
Gauna Mohini Ekadashi (मोहिनी एकादशी) - May 23rd, 2021
Apara Ekadashi (अपरा एकादशी) - Jun 6th, 2021
Nirjala Ekadashi (निर्जला एकादशी) - Jun 21st, 2021
Yogini Ekadashi (योगिनी एकादशी) - Jul 5th, 2021
Devshayani Ekadashi (देवशयनी एकादशी) - Jul 20th, 2021
Kamika Ekadashi (कामिका एकादशी) - Aug 4th, 2021
Shravana Putrada Ekadashi (पुत्रदा एकादशी) - Aug 18th, 2021
Aja Ekadashi (अजा एकादशी) - Sep 3rd, 2021
Parsva Ekadashi (पार्श्व एकादशी) - Sep 17th, 2021
Indira Ekadashi (इंदिरा एकादशी) - Oct 2nd, 2021
Papankusha Ekadashi (पापांकुशा एकादशी) - Oct 16th, 2021
Rama Ekadashi (रमा एकादशी) - Nov 1st, 2021
Devutthana Ekadashi (देवउठनी एकादशी) - Nov 14th, 2021
Vaishnava Devutthana Ekadashi (वैष्णव देवउठनी एकादशी) - Nov 15th, 2021
Utpanna Ekadashi (उत्पन्ना एकादशी) - Nov 30th, 2021
Mokshada Ekadashi (मोक्षदा एकादशी) - Dec 14th, 2021
Saphala Ekadashi (सफला एकादशी) - Dec 30th, 2021
Science behind Ekadashi
According to scriptures, fasting helps create a harmonius relationship between the body and soul. There is a control over our mind, senses and desires. Meditation reins the mind.
The influence of the phases of the moon has an effect on our body and mind since our body is made up of fluids, so ancient hindu scientists recommended fasting and meditation based on the moon cycle, such as on ekadashi.
Fasting is like servicing our body as in car service. When we don’t consume cereals and pulses, it does not strain our digestive system. It causes a natural slow down of the system. The fruits and water flushes out the toxins from our body and empowers our body with more strength.
The ekadashi fast is broken the next lunar day( dvadashi) by partaking nourishing herbs and fruits. Nellikkai( gooseberry), agatti keerai(leaves of humming bird) acts as a toning agent on our digestive tract and sundakkai(turkey berry) removes the remaining toxins.
So again, there is a scientific reasoning behind ekadashi, thanks to our ancestors who have designed such beautiful practices by weaving science, health and leisure.