Ekadashi Vrat - Year 2021

Ekadashi Vrat - Year 2021

Ekadashi ("Eleventh"), also spelled as Ēkādaśi (एकादशी → एक + दशम्), is the eleventh lunar day (tithi) of each of the two lunar phases which occur in an vedic calendar month - the Shukla Pakṣa or Shukla Paksha (शुक्ल पक्ष) (the period of the brightening moon also known as the waxing phase) and the Kṛṣṇa Pakṣa or Krishna Paksha (कृष्ण पक्ष) (the period of the fading moon also known as the waning phase). It is according to the Vedic medical texts of Ayurveda (आयुर्वेद) and is mentioned in detail in many original treatises such as Charaka Samhita (चरक सहिंता) and Susruta Samhita (सुश्रुत संहिता).

Ekadashi occurs on the 11th day of each period (twice a month) when we keep fast and pray Lord Vishnu. It is tradition in Hindu religion to observe fast on this day and is considered a holy and auspicious day.

In Hinduism and Jainism it is considered a spiritual day and is usually observed by a partial fast. Only fruit, vegetables, and milk products are eaten during Ekadashi. This period of abstinence runs from sunrise on the day of Ekadashi to sunrise on the following day.

There are 2 ekadashi's in each month plus 5 additional Vrats (व्रत) that must be taken which means there is a total of 29 Vrats in a year which must be taken. They are as follows:

Because spiritual vibrations are heightened on this day with the particular configuration of moon and earth, it is considered beneficial also to keep silence, turn inwards and intensify one's meditation and other spiritual practices.

वैदिक मास पालक देवता शुक्लपक्ष एकादशी कृष्णपक्ष एकादशी
चैत्र (मार्च-अप्रैल) विष्णु कामदा वरूथिनी
वैशाख (अप्रैल-मई) मधुसूदन मोहिनी अपरा
ज्येष्ठ (मई-जून) त्रिविक्रम निर्जला योगिनी
आषाढ़ (जून-जुलाई) वामन देवशयनी कामिका
श्रावण (जुलाई-अगस्त) श्रीधर पुत्रदा अजा
भाद्रपद (अगस्त-सितंबर) हृशीकेश परिवर्तिनी इंदिरा
आश्विन (सितंबर-अक्टूबर) पद्मनाभ पापांकुशा रमा
कार्तिक (अक्टूबर-नवंबर) दामोदर प्रबोधिनी उत्पन्ना
मार्गशीर्ष (नवंबर-दिसम्बर) केशव मोक्षदा सफला
पौष (दिसम्बर-जनवरी) नारायण पुत्रदा षटतिला
माघ (जनवरी-फरवरी) माधव जया विजया
फाल्गुन (फरवरी-मार्च) गोविंद आमलकी पापमोचिनी
अधिक (3 वर्ष में एक बार) पुरुषोत्तम पद्मिनी परमा

List of Ekadashi in the year 2021

January 2021

Saphala Ekadashi (सफला एकादशी) - Jan 9th, 2021

Putrada Ekadashi (पुत्रदा एकादशी) - Jan 24th, 2021

February 2021

Shattila Ekadashi (षटतिला एकादशी) - Feb 7th, 2021

Vaishnava Shattila Ekadashi (षटतिला एकादशी) - Feb 8th, 2021

Jaya Ekadashi (जया एकादशी) - Feb 23rd, 2021

March 2021

Vijaya Ekadashi (विजया एकादशी) - Mar 9th, 2021

Amalaki Ekadashi (आमलकी एकादशी) - Mar 25th, 2021

April 2021

Papmochani Ekadashi (पापमोचिनी एकादशी) - Apr 7th, 2021

Kamada Ekadashi (कामदा एकादशी) - Apr 23rd, 2021

May 2021

Varuthini Ekadashi (वरूथिनी एकादशी) - May 7th, 2021

Mohini Ekadashi (मोहिनी एकादशी) - May 22nd, 2021

Gauna Mohini Ekadashi (मोहिनी एकादशी) - May 23rd, 2021

June 2021

Apara Ekadashi (अपरा एकादशी) - Jun 6th, 2021

Nirjala Ekadashi (निर्जला एकादशी) - Jun 21st, 2021

July 2021

Yogini Ekadashi (योगिनी एकादशी) - Jul 5th, 2021

Devshayani Ekadashi (देवशयनी एकादशी) - Jul 20th, 2021

August 2021

Kamika Ekadashi (कामिका एकादशी) - Aug 4th, 2021

Shravana Putrada Ekadashi (पुत्रदा एकादशी) - Aug 18th, 2021

September 2021

Aja Ekadashi (अजा एकादशी) - Sep 3rd, 2021

Parsva Ekadashi (पार्श्व एकादशी) - Sep 17th, 2021

October 2021

Indira Ekadashi (इंदिरा एकादशी) - Oct 2nd, 2021

Papankusha Ekadashi (पापांकुशा एकादशी) - Oct 16th, 2021

November 2021

Rama Ekadashi (रमा एकादशी) - Nov 1st, 2021

Devutthana Ekadashi (देवउठनी एकादशी) - Nov 14th, 2021

Vaishnava Devutthana Ekadashi (वैष्णव देवउठनी एकादशी) - Nov 15th, 2021

Utpanna Ekadashi (उत्पन्ना एकादशी) - Nov 30th, 2021

December 2021

Mokshada Ekadashi (मोक्षदा एकादशी) - Dec 14th, 2021

Saphala Ekadashi (सफला एकादशी) - Dec 30th, 2021

Science behind Ekadashi

According to scriptures, fasting helps create a harmonius relationship between the body and soul. There is a control over our mind, senses and desires. Meditation reins the mind.

The influence of the phases of the moon has an effect on our body and mind since our body is made up of fluids, so ancient hindu scientists recommended fasting and meditation based on the moon cycle, such as on ekadashi.

Fasting is like servicing our body as in car service. When we don’t consume cereals and pulses, it does not strain our digestive system. It causes a natural slow down of the system. The fruits and water flushes out the toxins from our body and empowers our body with more strength.

The ekadashi fast is broken the next lunar day( dvadashi) by partaking nourishing herbs and fruits. Nellikkai( gooseberry), agatti keerai(leaves of humming bird) acts as a toning agent on our digestive tract and sundakkai(turkey berry) removes the remaining toxins.

So again, there is a scientific reasoning behind ekadashi, thanks to our ancestors who have designed such beautiful practices by weaving science, health and leisure.